The abundantly flowering liana wisteria (another name is wisteria) is used in landscape design mainly to create vertical decor. A lush waterfall of lilac, pinkish or white brushes can decorate any corner. Wisteria is ideal for decorating arches, gazebos, alleys; fences, outbuildings and facades of old buildings are often masked with it. During flowering, this vine resembles a luxurious curtain, which creates a cozy shade and protects from too bright sun. For all its splendor, wisteria is an unpretentious plant, and even novice flower growers will be able to care for it..
In Greek, the word glycos means “sweet” – this is the scent that blooming wisteria exudes. In appearance and fragrant smell, its clusters resemble acacia, which is not surprising, because both of these plants belong to the legume family..
Being a perennial liana, wisteria itself can reach up to 20 m in length, and its bunches – up to 80 cm.Numerous brushes hanging under their own weight almost completely cover the branches, and sometimes even leaves are not visible behind them. After the withering of the flowers, pods with seeds are formed instead of them, but in the conditions of frosty winters, self-seeding is almost impossible..
The flowering period of wisteria is May and early June, re-flowering is possible in August. Individual bunches can remain on the branches throughout the season. Liana grows extremely quickly, so it needs strong supports and timely pruning. Over the years, the stem of wisteria grows stiff, after which it is able to hold weight without additional structures.
Types of wisteria
Chinese wisteria – one of the most popular varieties in northern latitudes. It is characterized by large, up to 30 cm long, light lilac bunches, which, under favorable conditions, bloom profusely on twenty-meter vines. The diameter of perennial branches can reach 15 cm. The advantage of the species is the resistance of an adult plant to a short drop in temperature to -20C, which allows cultivation of Chinese wisteria in a temperate continental climate. With the help of regular pruning of shoots, instead of a weaving vine, you can get a standard tree that will look very impressive in a garden or park..
Japanese wisteria (abundantly flowering) has shorter shoots compared to the Chinese. Its maximum height is 10 m. At the same time, the abundantly flowering liana has larger leaves (up to 40 cm) and flower clusters (50 cm). The flowering of the species occurs more slowly, the flowers bloom gradually, starting from the base. Abundant flowering or, as it is also called, multi-flowered wisteria is not inferior to Chinese in frost resistance, and its decorative qualities are rated higher.
Wisteria Blue Moon was bred by breeders relatively recently, but has already managed to surprise gardeners with a record ability to withstand temperatures below -37C. However, the main feature of this plant is its rare sky-blue color and slightly shortened bunches. In cold regions, the Blue Moon wisteria grows rather slowly and does not bloom as generously as the southern varieties, but fully fulfills its decorative and protective role.
The fragrant wisteria cascade is, as a rule, the result of the joint labor of nature and man. Especially careful plant care is necessary in cool climates. Adult, partially ligneous vines tolerate frost, temporary drought or long periods of slush much better, but young seedlings require sensitive and attentive attitude at all stages of their development..
Light and warm
Since the natural habitat of these lush-flowering lianas is the subtropical forests of Asia, it is difficult for these plants to have a long winter. In order for the wisteria to form as many buds as possible, it should be located on the south side of the site or house, protecting it from wind and drafts. Despite the frost resistance of popular species, it is not worth testing the plant for strength – perennials for the winter must be covered with peat, straw, burlap, and one-, two-year-old seedlings after pruning can be dug out with an earthen lump and temporarily stored in a room at + 8-10C.
Watering wisteria needs moderate, without waterlogging. Excess water, especially in cold weather, negatively affects the root system, which can begin to rot. High-quality drainage and loose, organic-rich soil will help to avoid this..
The soil for decorative liana is suitable for deciduous-sod, with a small admixture of river sand. A good option is black soil and loamy substrates, enriched with peat, manure or compost. To reduce acidity, the earth is watered once a season with an aqueous solution of ordinary chalk..
Pruning of wisteria is carried out as needed to form branches, but in general it is recommended to do this twice: after the completion of the main flowering cycle (June – July), shortening young shoots by about 2/3, and also in November – to prepare the plant for winter. To increase the number of flowering bunches, the central vine is pruned in the spring, after which more lateral processes are formed..
Reproduction of wisteria
Despite the fact that wisteria forms many pods with seeds every year, it is recommended to plant it in a vegetative way. Cutting, rooting of cuttings or young shoots allows you to get an adult tree with beautiful flowing flowers in a year or two. At the same time, a young liana from seeds blooms no earlier than 5 or even 10 years later, while the varietal characteristics of the parent plant are not preserved..
Cuttings Is, in fact, the cultivation of new seedlings from the fragments of branches. In late autumn, but always before the first frost, young shoots are cut into pieces 40–50 cm long, placed vertically in a container and filled with a moistened substrate by about 1/4. Then they are left in the basement until spring. In February – March, the cuttings are transplanted into a greenhouse or on a windowsill under a transparent cap (plastic bottles are suitable), providing them with good lighting, warmth, regular watering and feeding with growth stimulants. When the weather is warm outside, young shoots are transplanted into open ground..
Rooting layers carried out in the fall, when preparing the plant for winter dormancy. For this, the lower branches, which did not have time to stiffen, are bent and buried in the ground to a depth of 10-15 cm. In the spring, after the leaves appear on the layers, they are cut off from the mother plant and left for a year to form roots. In early autumn of the same year or next spring, young seedlings can be transferred to a permanent place..
Wisteria – photo
If the thermophilic wisteria is provided with comfortable conditions, it will delight everyone around with a delightful flower “rain” for many years. We suggest that you decorate your personal plot or country house with a worthy decoration, the photos of which we have collected in our selection. Happy viewing!