English rose (85 photos): types and varieties, care

English rose (85 photos): types and varieties, care

The English rose is deservedly recognized as the most beautiful group of plants of its kind, deserving special attention. This is the product of the painstaking work of the breeder from England David Austin. He managed in the most successful way to cross the varieties of old roses with subspecies of modern hybrid tea, thanks to which a beautiful English rose was born. This group is distinguished by a high level of resistance to unfavorable climatic conditions and diseases and, of course, an incomparable aroma of lush flowering with notes of fruit mixes, musk and tea..

Types and varieties of English roses

To date, quite a few varieties of English roses have been bred, each of which has its own characteristics and deserves special attention. They can differ in the size of the bushes, the palette of flowering, the shape of the buds, but they combine their excellent aesthetic qualities. Consider a few more interesting and popular varieties.

William Shakespeare

The flower was presented by a breeder at the end of the 80s of the last century, and at the turn of the century a new “improved” variety of it William Shakespeare – 2000 appeared before gardeners. over time it takes on a purple hue, as well as the splendor of a branchy bush, dressed in bright green large foliage.

Types of English Rose - William Shakespeare

Benjamin Britten

This selection result saw the light already at the beginning of this century, it is characterized by a particularly powerful structure of the skeleton of the bush and its increased branching. This type of English rose in adulthood reaches the meter mark, and the buds boast an original scarlet color, but with a pronounced orange tint. They look great against a background of green foliage and next to white plants. The fruity aroma of the bloom contains notes of wine and pear flavors. It is worth noting that the culture is completely unpretentious in care, resistant to diseases..

Types of English Rose - Benjamin Britten

Abraham Derby

The variety belongs to the class of scrubs, has an amazing fresh fruity aroma, quite distinct and persistent. The flower was bred in 1985 and continues to grow in popularity to this day..

Another feature is the overall flowers, which are recognized as the largest among the entire class. Their palette shimmers from rich apricot inside to pink on the outer petals, and the bud has the ability to change its color depending on the weather – in the heat it is monophonic apricot, and in the cool season, color transitions are clearly visible.

Flowering lasts a long time, while the buds open alternately. Rose Abraham Derby is endowed with such advantages as strong immunity to diseases, as well as rapid growth, which allows it to be grown as a climbing crop..

Types of English roses - Abraham Derby

Graham Thomas

The bushes of this rose are very vigorous. They have shoots that can reach three meters in length in hot climates, and one and a half meters in cooler climates..

Often, the Graham Thomas variety is used in landscape design as a trellis, dressing fences and arches in colorful outfits. Another interesting fact is the change in color of the buds with age. They are orange in youth and then turn sunny yellow..

Their sizes are also quite impressive and reach 10 cm. During the flowering of the rose, an aroma with subtle notes of tea is clearly felt. The first opening of the buds can be observed in the summer, and at the end of the season there are several more less abundant flowering waves..

Types of English Rose - Graham Thomas

Proper care of the English rose

Like any flowering plant, the English rose needs to create suitable living conditions. She does not belong to capricious crops, and observing some simple rules will be enough to admire her beautiful long flowering.

Lighting

Given the fact that the English rose comes from Foggy Albion, it does not need bright lighting. For its planting, darkened areas are chosen, since the presence of the sun 4-5 hours a day is quite enough for the plant. However, growing in a very darkened area, the bush can begin to stretch, which will disrupt its decorative effect..

English Rose Care - Lighting

Temperature

The flower has no special requirements for temperature conditions and feels comfortable in a temperate climate. The English rose can withstand winter frosts down to -20C, but it is still better to organize a shelter for it, for example, from spruce branches or a plywood box.

English Rose Care - Temperature English Rose Care - Temperature

Humidity

The English rose loves moderate humidity. In the summer, in addition to watering, shower activities will not interfere with it – spraying with settled water. However, excessively damp weather often leads to the drying of the upper petals of the bud, as a result of which the flower cannot open, and it will have to be helped. Another important care detail is shaking off the bush after rain. This is done to prevent stagnation of water in the buds, which leads to the formation of gray mold..

English Rose Care - Humidity English Rose Care - Humidity

Watering

Water the English rose as needed, watching the topsoil dry. For irrigation, use warm, settled water, which can be prepared in advance. For one adult bush, one-time watering should be at least 8 liters, and for climbing varieties – 15 liters.

In this case, it is important that water does not fall on flowers and leaves – water is supplied to the base of the bush. The older the rose, the wider its roots grow and, accordingly, the larger the area of ​​the watering area. Drinking is provided to the flower in the evening twice a week (in hot summer, you can water more often).

English Rose Care - Watering

Fertilizers and feeding

One of the most important details of the life cycle of the English rose is the introduction of fertilizing, which will provide it with good health and lush flowering. Fertilizers also help the plant survive the winter frosts. Top dressing is applied during the budding and flowering period. When the buds have not yet opened, the English rose is fed with nitrogen fertilizers, and the flowering bush requires phosphorus and potassium supplements. It is worth noting that potassium compounds very well help the rose to endure wintering, so they must be applied regularly..

English rose care - Fertilizers and fertilizing English rose care - Fertilizers and feeding

Pests and diseases of the English rose

For the English rose, it is very important to follow the basic rules of care. Factors such as waterlogging, insufficient lighting, etc., often lead to a deterioration in her condition. In addition, the flower can be overcome by fungal and viral ailments, such as black spot, powdery mildew, gray rot, rust..

The disease is determined by the appearance of spots and dots on the bushes, white bloom, twisting of foliage. Also, a spider mite that feeds on the juice of its leaves can bring considerable harm to the English rose. Its presence is characterized by a bloom on the lower plates of the leaves, a light cobweb.

Bordeaux liquid effectively helps to cope with diseases and pests, with which it is necessary to spray the bush every 5-6 days. As a preventive measure, you can pollinate the plant twice a season with wood ash and sprinkle it on the soil..

English rose - Pests and diseases

How to transplant an English rose

The English rose tolerates a change of “place of residence” well, if the procedure is carried out in the cool season, while observing some basic rules.

The transplant is carried out at the end of September, the best option is in the evening, when it is quite fresh outside. The most crucial moment of transplanting is the extraction of the bush from the soil, which should be carried out as carefully as possible without damaging the root system.

The plant is undermined with a shovel from all sides, gradually increasing the depth. The taproot goes far into the soil, so it will need to be chopped off in some area. The bush is taken out of the pit, preserving the earthen coma and transferred to a new place.

The planting hole should be slightly larger than the rhizome. The English rose is set in such a way that the root collar is deepened in the soil, after which fresh soil is poured in, lightly compacted. The transplanted bush must be watered and mulched abundantly. Tall plants can be tied up so that the shape is formed correctly.

How to transplant an English rose How to transplant an English rose How to transplant an English rose

Reproduction at home

To independently cultivate an English rose, they turn to one of several methods, taking cuttings, layering, offspring or grafting method for raw materials. The latter method is used by gardeners more often, as it is considered more effective..

Reproduction of the English rose by grafting

In the cultivation of the English rose by grafting, its buds are most often used. To begin with, a stock is grown (the variety Rose Loxa is used), after which a rose is grafted onto it.

Reproduction in this way has the following stages:

– Planting seeds for growing stock;

– Selection of seedlings;

– Selection of shoots with buds;

– Cleaning the root collar of the rootstock and its T-shaped incision;

– Cut of the bud on the shoot;

– The connection of the rootstock with the scion;

– Fixing the place of bonding with a film.

The results of such a procedure will appear after a couple of weeks..

Reproduction of the English rose by grafting Reproduction of the English rose by grafting

Propagation of an English rose by cuttings

In this case, it is necessary to cut off cuttings from mature shoots, up to 20 cm long, having several leaves (two of them are cut off before planting, only one remains at the top). The material can be planted directly into the ground. To do this, a bed is prepared in advance, which needs to be weeded out, and holes are dug at a distance of 15 cm from each other. The cuttings are seated in such a way that only the top leaf remains on the surface. Each copy must be covered with a jar or plastic bottle. For wintering, the garden bed is carefully covered. In the spring, the first leaves will appear, and the bushes can only be dived after a year..

Propagation of an English rose by cuttings Propagation of an English rose by cuttings

Propagation of an English rose by layering

The method is recognized as the simplest. On the lower part of the bush, you need to find an elongated shoot, make an incision on it, lean it against the ground and fix it securely. Additionally, the installation should be sprinkled with a layer of soil so that the top is visible. The cuttings must be watered regularly. Disconnection and transplantation of a newly-made seedling is carried out after a year.

Propagation of an English rose by layering Propagation of an English rose by layering

Propagation of an English rose by offspring

Roots (offspring) are also a good raw material for English rose breeding. Throughout the season, it grows many times, but it has a rather weak root system, therefore, annual material is taken for breeding. It is carefully separated and transplanted. The best time to plant is in the spring when the snow has melted..

Propagation of an English rose by offspring Propagation of an English rose by offspring

English rose – photo

The English bush rose is an ideal option for creating landscape gardening for backyard territories. It serves as an excellent material for planting hedges, borders, terraces and club compositions with other flowers or plants (salvia, lavender, etc.). Its various varieties are able to decorate city streets as well. You can get acquainted with the variety of species of the English rose and its beautiful flowering in the pictures presented in the photo gallery. Happy viewing!

English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo English rose - photo