Primula – beautiful and very fragrant flowers
Perennial primrose, planting and caring for which does not require much time and effort – one of the most common types of perennial herbaceous plants, which can be both deciduous and perennial. Another widespread name is primrose: it is believed that real spring comes with the beginning of primrose flowering. But the British believe that primroses are the dwellings of little gnomes and fairies. Another name for primrose is keys. One legend says that the apostle Peter once dropped the keys to Paradise. Having fallen to the ground, they sprouted – and this is how amazingly beautiful flowers appeared, hence the name.
Most primrose blooms in early spring.
Beautiful bright yellow primrose
Primrose has a variety of colors.
Perennial garden primrose has about 500 species, of which about 76 can be grown in our latitudes. Among this set, we note the most popular among gardeners:
- common primrose – or home stemless – is one of the most common species, with highly corrugated, bright green leaves. Flowers – yellow, white, red-burgundy, blue-purple – collected in the center of a leafy rosette on short stalks
Lovely white primrose
- medicinal primrose – also known as spring primrose, large-cup primrose, rams, God’s stream. The leaves are ovoid and are collected in a basal rosette. One (several) stems grow from the rhizome, on which small, golden-yellow, fragrant flowers with a tubular corolla are collected in an umbrella inflorescence. The flowers and leaves of primrose medicinal contain flavonoids and ascorbic acid, essential oil, saponins, carotenes and vitamin C. Infusion and decoction of the leaves can be used as a remedy for chronic fatigue, vitamin deficiency, anemia, in the absence of appetite, as well as gout and scurvy, it is actively used in the treatment of laryngitis, bronchitis, whooping cough and pneumonia.
A beautiful combination of primrose and hyacinths
- high primrose – it differs from other species in wrinkled leaves, which are collected in a basal rosette. Peduncle – high, up to 30 cm, topped with light yellow flowers with a diameter of 2 cm. Flowering begins in late April and lasts 40-45 days. The tall primrose has many varieties: Kolosea (crimson flowers with a yellow pharynx), Alba (white flowers), Cerua (a dark blue flower with a yellow pharynx), Rosea (a dark pink flower with a bright yellow pharynx)
Dark blue primrose looks very interesting on a light background.
- polyanthus primrose is a complex hybrid based on tall primrose. It features attractive corrugated leaves and a variety of colors. The flowers are large, 5-6 cm in diameter, collected in 5-15 pieces per inflorescence 15-30 cm high. The beginning of flowering occurs in mid-May and lasts until the end of June. Polyanthus primroses are very unstable to frost, therefore, they require mandatory shelter for the winter.
Primrose “Zebra blue”
- ear – an evergreen look, the leaves are dark green, leathery, dense, with a mealy bloom, rounded or lanceolate, slightly toothed along the edge. Flowers are yellow, up to 2 cm in diameter. Its hybrids are much more decorative, in which flowers can have 3-4 colors (white, green, yellow, dark chestnut, red), located in regular circles, while the center is almost always yellow. Inflorescences – umbrellas, located on peduncles reaching 10-25 cm in height
Variety of varieties of ear primrose
Variegated ear primrose
- obkonika – it is more often than other types grown at home. The leaves are on long stalks, heart-shaped, wavy, rounded, rough at the edges. Flowers – up to 4 cm in diameter, on long peduncles, usually pink, white or red, purple or blue shades are much less common.
Primrose “Candy Parade”
English legends say that primroses are the dwellings of little fairies and gnomes.
Some gardeners, apparently taking the name “primrose” too literally, consider primroses exclusively spring flowers. In fact, the variety of varieties allows you to choose a combination in a flower bed in such a way that they, in turn, replacing each other, will bloom from early April to early August..
Lovely flower bed with yellow primrose and white tulips
To add color and appeal to the site, brightly colored primroses are placed along the garden paths. Primroses in a rabatka will look good, they can be planted in a motley group on the lawn, often primrose bushes are used to decorate rocky hills and corners. Fragrant Alpine or Sikkim primroses are used for planting around artificial small reservoirs. Primroses are well suited for various garden compositions, they are wonderfully combined with hosts, ferns, astilbe and dwarf conifers. They will make a good company for short irises, spiny phlox, daffodils, soapwort, tulips and muscari.
Due to its beauty, primrose is very popular among gardeners.
Flower beds with primrose look very impressive.
For creating borders, serrated primroses, auricular and polyanthus primroses are well suited – of a small height, they will look great around flower arrangements or flower beds, without covering them at the same time. For an alpine garden, the best primroses will be auricular primroses, which are very suitable for the additional drainage inherent in alpine slides. At the base of a rockery or alpine slide (against the background of stones), a high, finely toothed, Japanese or ear primrose will look good, the primrose of Julia.
Gorgeous Floral Primrose Carpet
Low species and varieties of primroses are planted in dense groups, so that no soil is visible under them. For group plantings, it is better to use polyanthus primroses, common primrose, tall primrose, Julia primrose.
Lovely pink primrose
Primrose looks beautiful in composition with other flowers
Many garden primrose species have a subtle and rather strong spicy aroma.
Primrose is great for planting in containers or garden vases to decorate verandas, terraces and areas adjacent to the house, stemless primrose is best for this. Some types of primroses (toothed, Japanese) are grown for cutting.
Primrose flowers will never cease to delight you with their beauty
Planting and caring for primrose
Despite the variety of species, almost all varieties that our climate suits are quite unpretentious and are able to maintain attractiveness and decorativeness even with little care. Due to their early and long flowering, they are especially in demand in areas with a humid and cool climate..
Primrose will perfectly fit into your interior
There are some varieties of primroses that love the sun, but there are very few of them, almost all primroses are best planted in partial shade, in shaded areas, especially at noon, under fruit or deciduous trees. When planting in a flower bed or flower beds, it is better to choose a place illuminated by the cool morning sun. The soil is suitable fertile, but necessarily – loose, with good water permeability, because primroses love moist soil, but without stagnant water.
Almost all primrose species love moderate lighting.
Advice! You should not plant primroses in high beds – the earth dries up quickly on them, primroses cannot stand this.
Interesting composition of primrose
Primrose is quite unpretentious, the main thing is to keep the soil moist, and the soil free of weeds and loose. The roots of primrose are rather weak, especially in young rosettes, so only in such soil will they feel comfortable.
Primrose is an unpretentious plant
Beautiful purple primrose
Advice! Since the rhizome, growing over the summer, is gradually exposed, in the fall it is required to add 2-3 cm of nutritious loose soil under the bushes – this will prevent drying and freezing of the roots and will serve as top dressing for the bush.
Delicate yellow primrose in the interior of the Provence style
Primrose loves moisture, it is recommended to water it at least twice a week, and in case of drought – even more often, especially in spring, during the active growing season. At the same time, the water should not stagnate at the root, it is also undesirable for moisture to fall on the leaves during watering..
Primrose “Arctic Blue”
Primrose loves moisture very much
They begin to feed the primrose as soon as the first leaves have appeared and do it regularly (once every 10-15 days) until the end of flowering, using a weak solution (the concentration is half as much as recommended) of complex mineral fertilizer. During the growing season, primroses respond well to feeding with slurry..
Primrose care consists mainly of watering and feeding
Advice! After the end of flowering, you can carry out a one-time top dressing using fertilizers that do not contain (!) Nitrogen. The introduction of nitrogen will cause active development of leaves next year with a reduction in flowering.
Wonderful primrose flower garden
Pests and diseases
Primroses are resistant to both disease and pests. In cold weather, the spill should be reduced – the soil does not have time to dry out, this can cause rotting of the root collar. The dying off of young leaves is, on the contrary, a sign of insufficient watering.
Primrose will add bright colors to your landscape
Snails and slugs harm primroses most of all, they can be collected by hand or use bait purchased at the store. Sometimes primroses are harmed by both the larvae and the adult beetles of the furrowed beetle. The larvae damage the root system, and the beetles feed on the leaves. They destroy beetles using potent chemicals, for example, aldrin, while the roots of the plant must be covered with soil (mulch), then the beetle will not be able to lay the larvae.
Primrose is often grown at home.
Despite the fact that it is common in culture to grow primrose from seeds, by cuttings and dividing the bush, it is the latter method that is the simplest and most popular. In addition, all the same, this procedure must be carried out 3-4 years after planting, separating old bushes (they weaken, flowers and leaves become smaller, losing decorativeness) and new ones. Primroses tolerate division (transplantation) well even during flowering. The plant is dug up, clearing the roots from the ground (you can rinse under running water). With a sharp knife, the bush is cut in half, the places of the cuts are sprinkled with tree resin. It is advisable to plant the delenki immediately. Young bushes are watered daily for two weeks.
Some types of primroses (Siebold primrose, toothed primrose) can only propagate by cuttings. To do this, several thick, well-developed roots are separated from the plant and a small (no more than 1.5 cm) incision is made in the upper part. This will provoke the growth of buds, well-developed shoots are transplanted and watered daily for up to 2 weeks..
Taking care of primrose at home is not difficult – put it on a well-lit window in a cool room and not flood too much
Some primrose varieties look very impressive.
Seed reproduction is the most troublesome, primrose seeds are very small, you must not miss the moment when the capsules open. When propagated by seeds, the signs of the original, maternal seedlings do not necessarily remain, but on the other hand, plants that are unexpected in color of flowers can be obtained. In addition, primrose seeds quickly lose their germination – it is better to sow the collected seeds immediately or in the same year (in this case, it is better to keep the seeds in the cold before planting). Seeds are sown no deeper than 5 mm, the first shoots (depending on the species) appear in 4-6 weeks, while germination can be very uneven. Plants dive after the appearance of the first two true leaves. The grown seedlings are planted after the end of the spring frost.
Bright primrose will create a holiday even on a cloudy day.