Mallow blooms amazing double flowers on long stems, surprising with variations in shape and striking colors
Mallow, planting and caring for which is extremely simple, having left our gardens for some time under the pressure of newfangled plants, has recently been again in the spotlight. Not to notice it on the site – it is simply impossible, it is high (80-250 cm), bright, blooming profusely (some varieties have up to 150 flowers in the inflorescence), with large (up to 15 cm in diameter) flowers, while the most in demand gardeners have semi-double and terry varieties. The description of the flower has a wide variety of colors, from the usual white, pink and red and their shades (traditional colors) to the very popular purple-black (Nigra cultivar).
Wonderful sunny yellow mallow
Bright white mallow with a pink center
Luxurious Nigra mallow
Separately, the Majorette Mixed cultivar group can be noted – relatively low, up to 75 cm plants, semi-double, with toothed, carnation-like petals. But the Halo cultivar group has simple, bell-shaped flowers, but they are attracted by the multicolor color – in the center there is a contrasting spot that creates the effect of radiance, turning into another color closer to the edges..
Mallow varieties Majorette Mixed
Mallow blooms very effectively. On the peduncle, the buds appear almost simultaneously, but flowering begins from the bottom and rises up the inflorescence. Therefore, blooming in May, mallow can bloom until the first frost..
The Malv genus has about 60 species, the height of which ranges from 30 cm to 2.5 meters
Mallow is good when cut, it will look great in a bouquet. To do this, cut the plant at the bud stage. Standing in water, they bloom well and, without losing their attractiveness, can continue to bloom for a month..
From mallow you will be able to create all kinds of bright flower arrangements
Mallow (other names – stock-rose, mallow, kalachik) is also known for its healing properties. Infusion of flowers helps to relieve stomach inflammation, it is also used for intestinal disorders. Mallow flower tea is used as an expectorant and anti-inflammatory for coughing..
Mallow is not only a beautiful, but also a useful flower
Mallow is used to decorate ridges, flower beds and mixborders, decorate lawns, where it is mainly used as a bright vertical accent. She is an obligatory “participant” in a rustic-style flower garden, where gold balls and a delphinium will accompany her. Due to its high “growth”, it is always planted in the background of a flower garden. In addition, it is often used to obtain hedges – screens behind which you can hide outbuildings, a compost heap, or just a not very attractive barn wall. The classic approach is to plant mallows along fences, fences, along walls.
Mallow is a bright decoration of the site
Mallow seems to be specially created for planting along hedges, fences, walls
Spectacular live “fence” of the site of beautiful flowers
If the view of the flower garden (flower bed) is only from one side, then the mallow is planted in the background, if the flower garden is clearly visible from different sides, then it is better to plant it in the center of the flower garden so that they do not cover the rest of the flowers.
Mallow is unpretentious and very decorative
Slightly less tall kosmeya or lupine are planted in front of the mallows, the middle level can be filled with a bell, calendula, annual lavatera or aquilegia. Daisies or pansies are usually in the foreground. In mixboards, the mallow will go well with the large cornflower, delphinium, phlox, cuff, monarda, Byzantine chisel and other plants that are used to decorate a country-style plot.
Mallow grows in temperate climates, so its varieties can be found anywhere in the world with appropriate climatic conditions.
However, mallow can also be used as a specimen plant, in this case it is located in a remote part of the lawn, then the blossoming flowers with bright colored spots clearly visible from afar will enliven the monotony of the green landscape. Another option is to plant mallows against the background of trees, then they will look spectacular and bright high underbrush. Mallow combines well with stone, they will look favorably on a gray (dark) background, softening the hardness of the stone and creating a romantic cozy atmosphere.
Existing low-growing varieties of mallow are well suited for growing in pots (containers, pots), they are good for decorating porches, verandas, terraces and balconies.
Mallow propagates easily by seeds
In nature, mallow is a perennial plant, but in culture it is usually grown as a two-year (sometimes annual) crop. The reason is that the older the mallow is, the less it blooms and the more it gets sick, especially for hybrid varieties. One more point – mallow is referred to as “wandering” plants, it spreads very easily by self-sowing, but at the same time the plant mutates over time, losing varietal characteristics, both the size and color of the flowers change. However, pink mallow is excellently cultivated as a perennial plant..
The most fastidious tastes can satisfy this plant due to the variety of colors and types of flowers.
When choosing a place for planting mallow, it is worth remembering that having a very long and powerful root system, it does not tolerate transplantation very well. So, in one place, mallow can grow for a long time. A well-lit area is suitable for planting, with nutritious and loose soil, well-drained and rich in humus. For long-term cultivation, do not plant mallow in lowlands – during the spring melting of snow, water will stagnate there, which will lead to decay of the roots. The optimal soil for mallow is light loam. Places with drafts should be avoided – in a strong wind, despite a strong stem, a tall plant can simply break.
Mallow looks great as a design for hedges
Advice! A good solution would be to plant a mallow along the fence – it can act as a support, it will be possible to tie the stems to it.
Many beautiful hybrids have been obtained by crossing different types of mallow.
Perennial mallow planting is carried out in groups or rows, not densely, the interval between plants is about half a meter.
Mallow can be classified as a “planted and forgotten” type of plant, care mainly consists in loosening the root soil to provide additional aeration. It must be carried out carefully and not too deep so as not to damage the roots. To give the plant a more attractive appearance, remove faded and wilted flowers.
When transplanting a rooted plant, try to keep a lump of earth on the roots as much as possible.
Advice! To preserve the abundant flowering of perennial mallow, the peduncles are cut off immediately after flowering stops so that seeds do not set..
Malva has medicinal properties
Mallow is distinguished by good drought resistance, in the summer it will be enough to water once a week, during a dry period it can be watered often, but make sure that the water does not stagnate in the soil.
On rich soils, mallow practically does not need feeding, it is recommended to feed poor soil by mulching it with compost. Before budding, a mineral fertilizer with a high nitrogen content is applied to the soil. A week before the beginning of flowering, it is advisable to feed using a complex mineral fertilizer. In addition, periodically, once every 2-3 weeks, it is recommended to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers in a weak concentration.
Mallow, like any flowering plant, needs cosmetic care – remove faded flowers during the flowering period
Advice! For long-term cultivation, annual feeding with compost and humus is required, based on the calculation of 3 kg of the mixture per 1 m2.
Mallow is unpretentious and winter-hardy
For perennial cultivation in the fall, after flowering ends, the mallow is cut at ground level. In the northern regions, after top dressing, the mallow is covered with straw, fallen leaves or spruce branches.
Mallow is not susceptible to diseases, the main problems can arise from excessive moisture. Of the other diseases, it is most often susceptible to rust, especially adult bushes. The disease manifests itself as the appearance of dark red spots on the back of the leaves, the plant begins to lose strength and freshness. Affected leaves must be torn off, and the plant must be treated with a fungicide..
Mallow is highly susceptible to rust disease
Sometimes slugs appear on the mallow. To combat them, small bowls of beer are placed in different places and pests are manually collected..
The most common breeding method for mallow is from seed. Seeds remain similar up to 3.5 years, but the best material for sowing is two years old.
Stockrose plants are quite tall, so it is necessary to take into account the distance between the plants when planting
If the seeds are sown directly into the ground (in May-June, in the southern regions – at the end of April), then over the summer the plant will have time to form only a rosette of leaves, and flowering will come only next year. To see flowers in the year of planting, mallows are grown for seedlings, sowing seeds in January-February.
Mallow is not only beautiful, but also very useful
To speed up the germination process, the mallow should be soaked in warm (45 ° C) water for 12 hours – this will help soften the hard shell that covers the seeds..
All parts of the plant can be used as medicine, but the strongest concentration of nutrients is at the root.
Advice! Mallow tolerates planting very badly, therefore it is better to grow mallow for seedlings immediately in separate peat pots, which can then be immediately planted directly into the ground..
Mallow and many other varieties of marshmallow are edible, the leaves and roots can be boiled, stewed, and young fruits and shoots can even be eaten raw, they taste very pleasant
At a temperature of 18-22 C, the first shoots will appear within 2-2.5 weeks after sowing. When sowing in a common container, after the appearance of 3 leaves, the seedlings must be thinned out, so that there are 2-3 cm between shoots.When the seedlings grow a little and get stronger, they are hardened, taking them out to cool fresh air every day for several hours.
Mallow usually blooms from June to September.
For propagation of hybrid mallows, cuttings are used, because with the seed method, they lose varietal characteristics. To do this, at the beginning of spring, the root cuttings are separated, and then in the summer cuttings are cut from the stem, which are rooted in boxes.