Hosta varieties in landscape design: types, names and care features

Beautiful design of a flower bed of a country house

Beautiful design of a flower bed of a country house

Each self-respecting housewife has a flower garden on the site. Someone likes lush, wildly flowering plants, someone – decorative green spaces with unusual greenery or beautifully shaped leaves. Those who love greenery more will like the hosta – a charming unusual plant that, although occasionally, blooms with modest bells. Its main advantage is the leaves of green, light green, bluish-gray, golden yellow, spotted and striped colors and the most unimaginable forms. Having once landed a host on your flower garden, you will receive an original fountain of greenery, which will give your garden a charming look!

Host bushes look very impressive

Hosta bushes look very impressive

Description and main characteristics

Fact: in the vastness of our country, the hosta appeared thanks to merchants from Europe, but distant Japan is considered the birthplace of this plant, where, under natural conditions, the plant can be found in forests and in places with fertile soil.

At first, it was firmly rooted in botanical gardens, attracting with its decorative color. Over time, it was appreciated by landscape designers as an unpretentious and easy-to-care perennial plant. Therefore, the host could often be found in city flower beds, in the design of parks and squares. And knowing the mentality of our compatriots, it is not surprising that she migrated from city flower beds to flower beds of suburban private plots.

Fence of tall flowering bushes

A fence of tall flowering hosta bushes

Bright flower bed in landscape design

Bright flower bed in landscape design

  • Hosta is a perennial herb that belongs to the lily family and resembles a bush in shape. Depending on the species, it has leaves of various shapes and colors. To date, more than 4 thousand varieties are known, so from its assortment you can always choose the desired color, size of sheets and decorate a cottage, garden or plot to your liking. The main advantage of the hosta is that over the summer the plant does not lose its decorative effect and remains elegant and unusual all the time..

Depending on the color, the hosta leaves are:

  1. with a glossy sheen or matte;
  2. with and without splashes;
  3. with and without ebb;
  4. with a white border around the edge or variegated;
  5. with green edging.

Hosta

Hosta “June”

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In addition, there are miniature host bushes with leaves up to 10 cm long and giant ones with leaves more than 100 cm long.At the same time, the leaves are in the form of a heart and are almost round or narrow and long.

Interesting! During the flowering period, a long stem grows in the center of the hosta, on which inflorescences with bell-shaped flowers bloom.

Lush bush of miniature hosts

Lush bush of miniature hosts

On a note! A feature of the hosta, which became the reason for the unpretentiousness of the bush and the ease of caring for it, is its rhizome with cord-like branches, which allows it to grow well into the soil and absorb the necessary nutrients and moisture from the soil.

Host types

As mentioned above, there are several thousand types of hosts, but the following are the most popular in landscape design:

View Description View
Patriot in height the bush reaches 60 cm, in width – more than 120 cm.The leaves are bright green with a fancy white edging
Plantain grows up to 70 cm in height and blooms with white bells
Green Fontaine an adult plant reaches a height of 50 cm and gives abundant flowering with lavender flowers
Marginata up to 30 cm high, with leaves of dark green color with a white border, flowers are white, lilac, purple. Preferably planted on the east or west side of the flower garden
Fortune height up to 60 cm, heart-shaped leaves with a golden tint, blooms with purple bells
Lanceolate or narrow-leaved can reach a height of 40 cm, the leaves are sharp, dark green
Siebold a low-growing plant that can grow up to 30 cm, has pale green leaves, slightly wrinkled and waxy bloom. It blooms with lavender flowers
Wavy the height of the bush is up to 30 cm, the leaves are oblong up to 20 cm long and wavy along the edge, in the center of each leaf there is a white spot. Peduncles are light purple in color.
Curly height 50-70 cm, characterized by wavy leaves and a white stripe along the edge of each leaf. The flowers are light purple

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Fact! Recently, a new hosta variety has been bred – “White Pen”. This plant is very unusual, has leaves of a creamy white color, on which longitudinal green veins appear as the plant grows. This variety will look very original against the background of dark green coniferous bushes and plants..

Variety

Variety “White feather” will help create an unusual atmosphere in the garden

Hosta in landscape design

Hosta is a favorite of landscape designers, so it is actively used in decorating a garden and flower beds by both beginners and professionals. This plant with lush and bright greenery will look great on an alpine slide, and on a flower bed, and by a dry stream. The main thing is that the conditions for its disembarkation are met..

Advice! The host will look gorgeous by the pond, where nature itself has created the most optimal conditions for it, while it will get along well with other plants that also love moisture and partial shade.

Hosts in an ensemble with stone compositions against a background of wood decor, bordered with masonry, in the middle of the lawn, as a border near the garden path, etc. will look very harmonious..

Beautiful landscaping with a decorative pond

Spectacular landscape design with a decorative pond

Bushes with white bells will help decorate the stairs

Bushes with white bells will help decorate the stairs

Important! When choosing a host for an alpine slide, it is better to give preference to the dwarf subspecies of the plant. Although they do not have as bright foliage as other hosts, they tolerate heat well and quickly take root in the sun..

When decorating a garden, you can pick up other subspecies of hosts with large leaves – there are plenty of species of this plant.

Care features

  • The plant does not require special conditions and regular special care, but in order to get excellent decorativeness of the foliage crown, the host needs to be periodically fed with mineral fertilizers.
  • The main thing is to remember that if fertilizers were placed in the holes during the planting of young plants, the hosta can grow calmly, actively bloom and not lose its color without fertilizers for 2-3 years. But it is better not to give up seasonal fertilization and carry out these measures in the spring, at the beginning of the period of active growth, during and after flowering..

It is periodically necessary to feed the plant with mineral fertilizers.

It is periodically necessary to feed the plant with mineral fertilizers.

The sprouts of the future garden beauty

The sprouts of the future garden beauty

Remember! To maintain the size of the leaves, after flowering, the flower stalks should be cut off! In the autumn-winter period, the plant needs to be mulched in order to protect it from cold and frost.

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Also, do not forget that in their homeland hosts grow on river banks and in shady places, so they like well-moisturized soil and high air humidity. But even with this, it is advisable not to overdo it. On hot days, you can pamper the host with a cool shower, and she will gratefully respond to such care the very next day. Summing up, it should be said that growing a hosta, you can transform and decorate even the most ordinary-looking and neglected area! Dare!