- Aristocrat for gardeners: delicate freesia
- Freesia varieties
- Transplanting freesia in the garden and indoors
- Top dressing freesia
- Diseases and pests
Among lovers of active gardening and plant growing, more and more fans of non-traditional and familiar plants, familiar from childhood, but original and unusual types and varieties, one of which is freesia. This gentle and quivering, but surprisingly stable and harmonious, both for the summer cottage and for the apartment window sill, flower appropriate in any look. Recently, even advanced brides have begun to pay attention to the touching nature of this plant, choosing a bouquet of freesias instead of the classic ones. roses or peonies.
Freesia can rightfully be called the queen of flowers
White freesia – aristocratic sophistication and tenderness
A bright, gentle inhabitant of your garden will become an object of delight and pride for guests and hosts.
A bright, but surprisingly delicate freesia flower, a native of distant South Africa, is one of the most sought-after plants – both for growing outdoors and at home. Such attention to the flower is explained not only by its spectacular appearance and color diversity, but also by the resistance of this plant, which is fragile at first glance..
Freesia looks harmonious both on the windowsill and on the garden bed, adding a sense of fragility and tenderness to it. Most experts agree that this particular flower should be chosen by those lovers who are not ready to devote enough time to plants, but want to have in their garden a sample of touching plant tenderness and nobility..
This delicate-looking flower, in fact, turns out to be quite persistent and hardy.
Romantic delicate lilac freesia
Solemnly elegant white freesia
ADVICE! Home freesia needs careful care and increased attention, but an experienced gardener does not need to know anything new. Gladiolus lovers will not find any differences at all in the process of working with these two types of bulbous plants..
In its usual habitat, this flower is represented by more than twenty species, but for self-planting, only one of them is most often used – hybrid freesia. You can determine the ideal plant variety for specific conditions, focusing on the features of working with each of them..
- One of the common types is freesia hybrid – a larger and more hardy plant with a unique smell and excellent colors. It is this variety that is used to breed new species, since it has all the most expressive features of freesia and is able to preserve them during the selection process..
Luxurious purple freesia
Elegant two-tone freesia
Summer sun in the garden – bright yellow freesia
Such beauty will not leave anyone indifferent.
- Freesia white considered a more capricious, but also more sophisticated version of the classic variety. More miniature (its height usually does not exceed 40 cm), with thin and spreading leaves – such freesia will make even the largest garden flower bed. In our latitudes, two varieties are considered the most common: Alba – with large white flowers and Odorata – with yellow flowers and an expressive aroma.
The impeccable sophistication and tenderness of this flower makes it a favorite of florists in the preparation of wedding bouquets.
The captivating beauty of white freesias delights and delights
Both in a bouquet and in a flower bed, this flower will give joy and good mood
ADVICE! When planting this variety, it should be remembered that April is considered the beginning of flowering of white freesia..
- Terry freesia – a large and large plant, suitable for planting in the garden and flower beds. Vivid bi-color and unpretentious care – this is what distinguishes terry freesia from other types of this family. This rather tall and strong plant pleases with its flowers for 30-40 days in the middle of summer – depending on the time of planting.
Chic terry freesia
Stunningly beautiful bright flower
Unpretentious and luxurious terry freesia – ideal for busy gardeners
- Dutch freesia, or super freesia, it is considered an ideal plant for both outdoor and flower pot. The uniqueness of this variety lies in its durability, large size of flowers and leaves, pleasant aroma and unpretentious care. Such freesia in the open field looks aristocratic and expressive, adding an area of European lightness and multicolor. In addition, it is the Dutch varieties that are most often used for decorating bouquets and interior decoration.
The colorful and persistent Dutch freesia is very popular with florists and designers.
Freesia of extraordinary colors
Having decided on the variety and color of the future garden decoration or at home, you should read the information on how to plant freesia. At the same time, it should be understood that the garden and home flower differ both in planting and in care, since they are forced to exist in completely different conditions..
So, growing freesia in the garden or on summer cottage begins with the process of growing the bulbs: pre-planting them in pots with peat or humus to a depth of no more than 5 cm. This kind of preparation is done in advance – 3-4 weeks before planting the plant in open ground. Freesia corms prepared in this way will make the future flower stronger and more resistant, which will significantly extend the flowering period and guarantee their survival for the next year..
Freesia on your site will become its luxurious decoration
Graceful lilac-yellow freesia
ADVICE! In the southern latitudes, planting freesia in open ground is carried out in the spring – in March or April, while in the northern regions it is more appropriate to do this in the fall (the most preferred month is October) to give the plant the opportunity to prepare for flowering and adapt to climate conditions.
This strong, but still quite delicate flower needs support.
After preliminary preparation, the bulbs are planted in heated soil to a depth of about 5-7 cm.The freesia flower, despite the efforts of gardeners, remains a rather delicate and fragile plant, therefore it is necessary to mount a mesh with holes for shoots, which will support fragile flower stems.
The ideal soil for freesia is considered to be a moisture-absorbing and humus-rich soil that can provide the plant with sufficient nutrition for full flowering. But this plant is ambiguous about fertilizers: you should use top dressing carefully and strictly according to the instructions so as not to exceed the norm of nutrients.
Many gardeners consider growing freesia too troublesome and time-consuming process, but with proper care, these neat flowers will decorate a garden or summer cottage until the beginning of autumn..
Beauty without further ado
Freesia in the garden – beauty and tenderness all summer
Delicate yellow and white freesia
Planting freesia at home is no less laborious than in a garden or suburban area. For home growing, plant bulbs are planted in autumn in loose soil to a depth of no more than 6-8 cm. The warmth and microclimate of a closed home space create favorable conditions, so that the first shoots can be observed in 2-3 weeks. Experts advise keeping the plant in a cool place: for example, on a balcony or loggia – until it gets colder to +5 degrees.
The plant also applies to humidity: in a dry climate, the flower is uncomfortable, but the high humidity of the air is excellent conditions for such a plant..
Temperature and humidity in an apartment are important conditions for growing freesia, and with proper care, the plant will delight with its flowering already in January. The abundance of juicy and beautiful flowers on the windowsill from February to April is the result that the proper care for freesia at home gives. After flowering, dried buds should be cut off, and the bulbs should be dried and stored in a container until next fall..
Just a little effort – and blooming, healthy freesia will delight you for a long time
In the case of freesia, pruning refers to the removal of the bud after the end of flowering, when the flower has withered or withered. This action is performed to stimulate the plant to re-bloom, which is likely only if the procedure is carried out correctly. A withered flower is cut with a pruner or garden shears along the stem – half a centimeter below the head.
It is undesirable to cut the leaves so as not to deprive the plant of the opportunity to accumulate energy for the winter. Gardeners only allow pruning of dried or damaged leaves..
Correct pruning is the key to re-flowering freesia
Delicate pink freesia will decorate any flower bed or windowsill
Before planting, it is important to monitor the temperature regime: the best option is to warm the soil to at least 10 degrees Celsius. But too high temperatures are detrimental to the plant: already at 20 degrees, nutrients are redistributed to the leaves instead of flowers, and an increase in temperature above 25 degrees threatens the complete absence of flowering. The ideal mode for comfortable flowering of freesia is 18 degrees during the day and at least 15 at night..
Freesia loves measured air temperature
Freesia is very fond of sunny light: Ideally, it should be lit for at least 12 hours a day for normal development. That is why it is almost impossible to grow it in regions with a small number of sunny days. But the direct rays of the sun are not afraid of her, especially in nature. In the conditions of growing freesia by the window, you should provide the plant with sufficient ventilation, to avoid possible leaf burns.
Provide your aristocrat with proper lighting
Freesia loves to sunbathe
The plant propagates by bulbs or seeds. Both of these methods give good results, and the process itself is extremely simple. In flower-box fruits, there are usually no more than 3 seeds, which are ready for planting only when fully ripe. But by the end of the season, freesia bulbs give about 4-6 children, also ready for independent planting for the next cycle.
It is quite easy to propagate this flower.
Freesia is a rather grateful and picky plant
Fertilizing a plant is a useful process: in the open field, a flower is watered with a mixture of nitrate, chicken droppings or superphosphate, and houseplants need to be treated with classical flower dressing (2-4 grams per 1 liter).
ADVICE! Before planting the bulbs in the soil, they can be treated with growth stimulants: standard Epin, Zircon and others are well suited.
Take care of the nutrition of the aristocrat
The ideal soil for freesia is considered to be moisture-absorbing and humus-rich soil, which is able to provide the plant with sufficient nutrition for full flowering. But this plant is ambiguous about fertilizers: you should use top dressing carefully and strictly according to the instructions so as not to exceed the norm of nutrients.
Freesia needs active watering only during the period of distillation of buds and active flowering. It is important to find the perfect balance, so as not to leave the soil dry, but also not to over-moisturize it. According to the classical scheme for garden plants, watering is carried out no later than 16 hours so that the flower has the opportunity to dry out under the rays of the sun that has not yet disappeared. After flowering, freesia is not watered, waiting for the leaves to turn yellow in order to dig up the bulbs and prepare them for long winter storage.
Freesia loves watering in the afternoon
Make sure that the flower has enough moisture during the hot period.
ADVICE! Homemade freesia should not be watered, but sprayed. In this case, it is important to ensure that drops of water do not fall on buds and flowers..
Freesia suffers from diseases that are classic for bulbous plants: gray, scab, fusarium. In addition, bean or freesia viruses often cause leaf necrosis. As a protection against diseases, experts recommend more carefully observing the subtleties of the growing and care process, as well as periodically carrying out the disinfection process: for example, with a classic solution of potassium permanganate, that is, with potassium permanganate.