Gardeners have always admired the climbing rose with its long branches strewn with luxurious flowers.
Curly roses (photos and videos of these blooming beauties are simply mesmerizing) – a perennial aristocrat, with graceful leaves and an abundance of bright fragrant flowers, they act as an exquisite and sophisticated decoration of the garden all summer long. Growing and caring for them in many ways repeat the agrotechnical techniques used in the cultivation of bush roses, but there are some important features..
Gorgeous blooming climbing roses are ideal for vertical landscaping, but getting a magical carpet of beautiful flowers is only possible if the rose is properly planted and cared for..
Delightful beautiful rose buds
Climbing roses – leaders in vertical gardening
If you dream of original transformations on the site, be sure to breed climbing roses
For planting a climbing rose, a sunny, well-ventilated place is selected, so the optimal planting for a light-loving rose is a wall or support of a southern or southwestern exposure. With good lighting, growth develops rapidly, which can bloom as early as next year. The soil is fertile, moderately moist, well-drained, and loose. Planting a bush in a hole is preceded by the introduction of half a bucket of rotted manure into the hole and good watering.
Planting a climbing rose
Advice! Roses cannot tolerate swampy soil, therefore, the optimal level of groundwater occurrence is at least 1 -1.5, otherwise roses are planted on a hill.
Even if the planting of a climbing rose is carried out in order to decorate a fence or wall, the distance to them should be at least 50 cm, otherwise, due to the lack of space for development, the roots of the rose will suffer from depletion.
Decorative compositions of several varieties look very unusual.
A wall entwined with a rose looks irresistible
Correct and timely pruning allows you to form the correct healthy crown and achieve abundant and long flowering. You need to prune a climbing rose in late summer or early autumn, after flowering is complete. First of all, the damaged and diseased shoots are cut off, leaving the strongest and most developed annual shoots. The main purpose of pruning is to replace old shoots with new, annual ones, while leaving two-year-old shoots – the bulk of the flowers will be concentrated on them next summer.
Real care is impossible without pruning
Caring for climbing roses must necessarily include control over the direction of growth of the bush, so the garter of a climbing rose should be started as early as possible. At the same time, it is absolutely not necessary to direct the main branches strictly upwards – this can lead to the fact that at some point all flowers and foliage are concentrated in the upper part of the plant, due to which it will lose its aesthetics, exposing unattractive “naked” shoots below. To avoid this, you need to direct the main branches as horizontally as possible – this will provoke the appearance of lateral shoots developing vertically. Using this approach, you can not only perfectly disguise a wall or trellis, but also achieve long-lasting and luxurious flowering..
The “living” wall along the building will delight you with magnificent flowering and will give you coolness
Fence decoration with curly rose
Another way to camouflage the wall is to arrange the shoots in a “fan” direction, directing the side shoots up and to the side, positioning themselves freely, they will not interfere with each other.
Cream rose with fanned shoots
Advice! If the planting of a climbing rose is carried out near the pillar, then in order to achieve the correct formation of the crown, it will be enough just to twist the shoots of the rose in a spiral.
Shelter for the winter
Despite the fact that curly roses are quite winter-hardy, even in the middle lane they need to be covered. Care and preparation begins in early autumn – loosening of the soil stops, the introduction of nitrogen fertilizers (they are replaced with potash fertilizers, which accelerate the ripening of the bark), reduce watering. There is no need to rush to cover the roses in the fall – in warm weather, the plant may begin to grow or dry out. Shelter of climbing roses is carried out with the onset of stable frosts, choosing for this a dry, not rainy (non-snow) day.
The main condition for the plant to endure the winter well is to preserve an air gap under cover (between the plant and the tar, film, spruce branches), because in most cases roses do not die from frost, but with the onset of spring, from damping or soaking.
Beautiful curly rose with snow-white buds
Whoever has seen blooming climbing roses at least once can hardly resist the temptation to plant at least one such plant in his garden
If possible, the plant is removed from the support, damaged and diseased leaves are cut off, and leaves are cleaned. After that, the branches are tied with twine (rope) and with the help of hooks (wooden or metal) they are pressed to the ground. (photo 1,2). At the same time, it is strictly forbidden to lay the rose directly on the ground, you first need to put spruce branches or dry leaves. Top of the lash can be covered with tar paper, spruce branches, burlap, foil or dry leaves.
Photo 1. Preparing the rose for shelter
Photo 2. Pressing a rose to the ground with a metal hook.
Advice! Curly roses, tightly braiding the arch, it is better not to take off – this can severely damage the shoots, for them you need to create an air shelter by tying the rose with burlap (photo 3).
Photo. 3. Shelter of a climbing rose for the winter on the arch
A climbing rose reproduces well in two ways – by cuttings and branches, while it is better to start it in the spring, so that the seedlings take root well and get stronger over the summer. For cutting cuttings, healthy shoots are used, leaving several internodes and making an oblique cut from the bottom. The leaves must be removed from the lower part, and the remaining ones must be cut well. The prepared stalk is placed in the ground (a mixture of sand and earth), covered with a jar and growing in a darkened place..
Reproduction by offsets does not allow obtaining a lot of planting material, but it provides almost 100% survival rate. For this, a healthy annual shoot is placed in a previously prepared hole, well fertilized with humus. The shoot itself is attached in several places with a stake or stick (Fig. 1), while the soil should not be allowed to dry out in the place of rooting.
Rice. 1. Reproduction of a climbing rose by branches.
Advice! To make the formation of roots faster, before planting, make several cuts in the bark or constrictions with wire in those places that will be fixed.
All curly roses can be divided into three groups:
- the first – these are actually real curly roses, which are distinguished by long arched, rather long, very bright green shoots, which, depending on the variety, can reach a length of 1.5 to 5.5 meters. The thorns are thin and crooked, the leaves are small, shiny and leathery. The color of flowers is varied, there are varieties with semi-double and double flowers. In size, the flowers themselves, collected in inflorescences, are not very large, but bloom profusely, usually in the first half of summer, flowering lasts about 30 days. Many varieties are quite winter-hardy, so a light shelter is suitable for the winter.
Magnificent arch of climbing roses
Climbing roses have a lot of beautiful hybrid varieties.
- second group – the result of crossing of hybrid tea, tea and remontant species of roses, which made it possible to obtain popular and extremely interesting varieties, characterized by strong growth and long (up to 4 m) shoots. They are usually called climbing, they have large flowers, collected in loose small inflorescences, which in some way repeat the hybrid tea varieties. Many varieties bloom again, are quite disease resistant and tolerate winter well.
The rose in the world of plants always remains an aristocrat
- third group – these roses are called klaymbings, they appeared as a result of mutations of bush roses, distinguished by large flowering. Among other curly roses, they are distinguished by large flowers and attractive bright colors..
Light rose in pergola decoration
The lush bloom of climbing roses will delight even an avid grower
Curly (liana-like) roses are actively used in landscape design for vertical gardening of the site. At the same time, small-flowered roses (ramblers) are best used to decorate supports with a complex shape, because flexible long supports can easily wrap around them. But for large-flowered (climbings or climbers) climbing roses with thick strong stems, supports with a straight shape (fences, trellises, trellises) are better suited, on which they can be fixed in the form of a fan.
Perfect window decoration
A climbing rose is a real find for a landscape designer, which allows you to create blooming arches
As a support for climbing roses, you can use both the walls of buildings or hedges, and specially designed and installed for this purpose arches, bersos, pergolas, obelisks and trellises. Rose-entwined trellises, bersot and pergolas will help create a special intimate romantic atmosphere in the secluded corners of the garden all summer long. Columns and obelisks are installed in flower beds or on a lawn, they can be either a completely independent element of landscape design, or part of a mixborder.
Arches entwined with twisting roses are often installed at the entrance to the front garden or garden, thereby denoting the transition from one zone of the garden (site) to another. If you place several arches along the path, keeping a distance of several meters between them, and supplement them with a number of molded trees and shrubs, then the landscape will acquire a solemnity and pomp typical for a classical garden. However, planting free-form plants will help achieve the exact opposite effect, adding romance and ease to the landscape..
Rose will make your landscape bright and irresistible
The rose against the background of the column looks very impressive
Curly roses are indispensable for landscape design
Advice! When choosing a support structure for a climbing rose, you should always take into account that its material and structure as a whole should correspond to the general architectural style of the house and garden..
A rose will add extra charm to old buildings
Curly rose – planting, care, pruning and shelter for the winter are presented in detail in the video: