As you know, apartments in Khrushchev have some of the most inconvenient layouts with small rooms. For some reason, kitchens especially fell out of favor with the then architects, who assigned them a tiny area not exceeding 6 square meters, and if you are the owner of just such a room, you will have to sweat a lot to make it as spacious and functional as possible. Modern designers know many ways that will help to correctly plan the space, install the necessary furniture and create a comfortable atmosphere. We will share all these tricks with you in our article..
Where to start renovating a kitchen in Khrushchev?
The first thing to do when starting a kitchen renovation in Khrushchev is to plan all stages of the process, decide on the style and color scheme of the design, choose finishing materials for all surfaces and furniture. To begin with, it is worth considering the option of increasing the area with the help of redevelopment. Nowadays, many people tend to combine kitchens with neighboring rooms by dismantling the wall. And this step completely justifies itself, as it makes it possible to get a more spacious kitchen-living room, where you can carve out space for organizing a full-fledged dining area. But this is possible if the wall between the kitchen and the room is not load-bearing, otherwise its dismantling is prohibited..
You can also try to get permission for partial demolition – in this version, the wall partition is partially demolished, as a rule, its upper part, and the side and lower ones are made out for a bar counter or a dining group. Redevelopment can be done in a different direction, for example, combine a bathroom with a toilet, and move the wall adjacent to the kitchen towards the bathroom. Of course, you will not gain a great distance from this, but even 1-2 sq.m. play an important role in this case, allowing you to place, for example, a dining area. A good technique would be to install a mirror surface above the table, which will reflect the opposite window, visually increasing the space..
If the option with redevelopment is for some reason excluded, we will proceed from what we have: we draw on paper a plan for the placement of the necessary zones. It is important to immediately decide which of them to give priority. If the family is large and it is customary to cook a lot, a kitchen set with a working area should be complete, and in the case when one or two people live who like to receive guests, you should take care of arranging the dining complex. Having decided on where and what kind of furniture will stand, we choose and calculate the amount of finishing materials. Below we will provide many useful tips on how to choose everything you need for renovation..
Colors and styles of interiors
For a small kitchen in Khrushchev, a light palette is preferable, which gives the room an atmosphere of lightness and airiness. This design is characteristic of such modern styles as minimalism, hi-tech, Scandinavian direction and, of course, classical. This does not mean that the kitchen needs to be dressed in a snow-white color scheme – so it will look completely deserted and resemble a hospital room rather than a cozy hearth. You can choose light pastel colors for decoration or furniture set. For example, a kitchen made in a minimalist direction will perfectly combine white and gray palettes, and the introduction of sand or brown can make a transitional accent. Such a kitchen is always distinguished by the severity of the lines and the absence of decorative elements – everything is extremely simple and tasteful..
A high-tech kitchen will look great even in a monochromatic design, because here the main idea is emphasized by the presence of modern technology, metal interior details, as well as original lamps that will look quite advantageous on a white background.
Light wooden furniture in a classic style will perfectly play against the background of cream walls, especially if it is wallpaper with a small pattern. The luxury and elegance of the direction will be confirmed by the neat carved details of the headset, the presence of gilding or bronze in the fittings..
If you are not afraid of bright accents, shine of glossy surfaces made in contrasting colors, you can take the risk of decorating a small kitchen in the Art Nouveau style. There is a large number of metal and plastic pieces of furniture here, often with curved, asymmetrical shapes..
A small kitchen in a Khrushchev building with glossy facades can be decorated in red, yellow, green, blue tones, alternating with light planes. Combinations of colors are now relevant: beige-brown, black-and-white, where a dark shade, most often, is present in the design of the lower tier, and a light one – in the upper one. Such a stepped transition from a dark floor to a light ceiling contributes to the visual expansion of a small area..
Renovation of any room begins with surface finishing. Considering that we are talking about a kitchen, where its own individual microclimate reigns, a particularly careful approach is required to the choice of materials – after all, repairs are done for more than one year, the walls, floor and ceiling should retain their original attractiveness for a long period of time.
For the kitchen floor in Khrushchev, it is better to give preference to tiles, since they are durable, reliable, and highly resistant to moisture and temperature extremes. Laminate flooring is also a modern option, but given that moisture will constantly accumulate in a small room, it will not last so long. Alternatively, you can lay linoleum. Recently, it has not been in great demand, since it is considered an outdated type of finish, however, for the kitchen, linoleum can be a profitable solution, in addition, modern models have a rather attractive appearance..
There are many more options for decorating the wall in the kitchen, and each of them has its own advantages. Painting is considered the most famous since Soviet times, only kitchens are no longer painted as before, dividing the wall horizontally into two colors (the upper one is white, and the lower one is blue, green, etc.). Designers have come up with many variations on how to paint a small room to make it look beautiful and stylish. And a huge assortment of paints allows you to choose the most durable composition that will not be afraid of the specific conditions of the kitchen..
Ceramic wall tiles are also noteworthy. In terms of its technical characteristics, it is several times superior to other types of finishes. It is not customary to completely clothe today’s interiors with tiles – as a rule, they decorate the walls of the working area. For a small kitchen, it is preferable to choose small tiles, which give more freedom to the space, or a fun mosaic.
The use of decorative plaster provides tremendous opportunities in terms of choosing colors and textures. It washes well, is dust-free and lasts a long time. If you use real professionals in your work, you can get a unique wall design that causes genuine admiration, but the cost of such pleasure will not be small..
PVC panels can be assembled by yourself. Their plus is that you do not have to perfectly align the walls – the material will hide all the shortcomings underneath. They are not expensive, but they look very attractive..
Wallpaper should be chosen exclusively washable. Even if you intend to glue them on a wall remote from the working area, in a compressed space, contamination will somehow get on the walls. With the help of wallpaper, you can not only create a beautiful design, but also adjust the space. For example, by gluing wallpaper in a horizontal strip, you will visually expand the space, and the vertical stripes will “raise” the ceiling. What you should definitely avoid is large drawings. If plain wallpaper does not suit you, you can purchase canvases with a small unobtrusive print, so as not to overload a small space..
The best option for a small kitchen in Khrushchev would be to decorate the ceiling surface with a glossy stretch canvas. Its shiny surface is reflective for an extra spacious effect. The linens are easy to clean and withstand well all the hardships of kitchen processes. It is better to choose the material in a light palette – white, cream, which will “wash away” the boundaries of the joints with the walls.
You can cover the ceiling with paint or plaster, but it should be borne in mind that it will need to be properly leveled, which will take a lot of time and effort..
Plasterboard suspended structures are a popular modern design option. But for a small kitchen, you need to choose the easiest option. For example, you can design only the perimeter in this way and run hidden lighting along the contour, which will smooth out the lack of ten centimeters stolen by the structure. In this case, plasterboard panels are equipped with a spot lighting system..
Kitchen furniture in Khrushchev
Furniture should be chosen based on the needs of the family. Since the kitchen is small, you need to think carefully about what is really needed here and what you can refuse. You can install a small linear set along a distant wall or a larger, corner one, which will have more cabinets and drawers for storing kitchen utensils. The refrigerator, as a rule, is installed by the window, and the window sill can be used to extend the working area or make a dining table out of it. Pay attention to transforming furniture, which will be the best option for a tiny kitchen – this can be a folding dining table and chairs, pull-out tabletops built into the set..
Lighting and decor
The kitchen in Khrushchev should be well lit, but it is better to refuse large chandeliers and low ceiling lamps. It is best to use a spot lighting system by placing bulbs around the perimeter of the room, and provide additional lighting for the area above the countertop. Some modern kitchen sets have built-in sensors that react when the door is opened – then the secret lighting turns on automatically.
Saturated decor is not welcome here, as the “bloating” of bright colors will clutter up the space. The main decoration can be the wall decoration of the working area. Here you can put tiles with small ornaments, patterns, for example, in the patchwork style, install plastic panels that imitate the now popular brickwork. An excellent option would be to design the surface of the skin with a bright volumetric pattern or a mirror surface – this will give some depth to the working area, increasing its volume. The decor can be textiles on windows, small pictures, panels, graceful vinyl stickers..
Kitchen design in Khrushchev – photo
We hope our article helped you figure out what the design of a kitchen in a Khrushchev can be. And now, to support all of the above, we suggest visiting our gallery, where we tried to collect the best photos of finished interiors. Happy viewing!