Indoor plants are the best decor. They refresh the interior, make it livelier and more vibrant. In addition to these obvious benefits, myrtle tree also has natural disinfectant properties and is suitable for any decor. So, if you decide to opt for this ornamental shrub, it makes sense to get to know him better..
The myrtle tree is a genus of woody vegetation native to the Mediterranean. It is an evergreen representative of the flora, emitting an essential oil with a pleasant aroma. Even in antiquity, incense was produced on the basis of myrtle, while the clove tree, even today, is used to make spices..
At home, as a rule, a compact or ordinary myrtle tree is grown. Other varieties do not take root well in such conditions..
The common species is distinguished by a dense and beautiful crown, which can be formed in various ways, and a woody trunk. The maximum growth that can be achieved at home is 2 m, and the first flowering occurs after 3 years from the first day of life. The leaves resemble an egg in their shape, they have a dark green tint and a length of 4-6 cm. Inflorescences are small in size, these are white or pink buds.
The compact variety, as the name suggests, has miniature dimensions and narrowed leaves. After flowering, tiny black berries form on it..
Myrtle has not yet fully adapted to living in four walls, but, compared to other houseplants, it lives for a rather long time. In order for a green mini-shrub to delight you as long as possible, it is important to familiarize yourself with its features and the main intricacies of caring for it..
Location and lighting
First of all, it is worth paying special attention to the peculiarity of this plant – the winter time always coincides with the dormant period, and it must be observed without fail. Based on this, the location of the myrtle tree may vary depending on the season, as well as the temperature conditions in the room..
In summer, it is best to place it in the garden, for example, it will fit very organically into a composition of stones. Myrtle needs sunshine, but on the other hand, if natural light is very aggressive, arrange for a light shade for it. With the right approach, a representative of the flora will make you happy with lush flowering..
If you want to leave the decorative tree at home, then it is logical to place it on the windowsill. It is not recommended to place the pot near a north-facing window, where the flowering turns out to be rather poor, as well as on the south side, where strong rays of light can negatively affect the foliage..
The degree of illumination also affects the duration of the rest period. Even at this time, it is better to place the plant in that part of the room where there is a sufficient amount of natural light. If the myrtle receives the necessary warmth, then the dormant period will be approximately 45 days, and in cold and dark places – about 90 days..
Consider also the fact that moving the myrtle tree from places with very different degrees of illumination should be done carefully and gradually. Move it closer to the window for several days.
Myrtle tree care
Keep the soil in the pot in a moderately moist state, and do not allow a dry crust to form. These rules apply to any season, but the moisture level of the earth requires special attention in summer. As soon as you notice that dryness forms on the top layer, immediately provide abundant irrigation. In winter, watering the soil can be much less frequent, but the water should be warm and, preferably, soft, without impurities.
The myrtle tree does not require high humidity in the atmosphere, while dry air is not at all desirable. Pay particular attention to this during heating and battery operation, as well as in hot summer. In warm seasons, the plant should be regularly sprayed, but in winter it is better not to do this..
In the summer and spring seasons, the air temperature in the room as a whole is conducive to the well-being of myrtle. However, myrtle feels most comfortable in a somewhat cool environment. Provide him with a mode between +17 and + 21C.
Marks within + 8 … + 10C will help to overwinter an ornamental plant. If you provide a temperature of + 5 … + 6C, then the tree will survive, and with proper care, nothing bad should happen to it. A more negative impact in the cold season can be exerted by an indicator above + 10C – in such conditions foliage crumbles.
Top dressing and pruning
During the period of activity, myrtle requires regular feeding. From early spring to fall, add the fertilizer every week. For a small, tidy plant, purchase a special nitrogen feed for ornamental plants. If your dream is of a lush bush, use regular phosphorus supplements for indoor plants that bloom..
At the stage of acquiring a myrtle tree, decide exactly how you want to see it in the future. If the tree is not pruned at all, you will get a triangular shape. Undercutting the top causes the plant to bush. Getting rid of side shoots forms a luxurious, voluminous crown.
Any configuration will not interfere with a beautiful flowering. It can only be regulated in this way: if you get carried away with pinching, it will become less abundant, but the foliage will increase additional mass..
In general, the shape of the crown is a great field for experimentation. At the same time, a young plant is not yet able to hold a massive crown. However, after a couple of years, with proper care, it will certainly delight you with lush foliage..
Reproduction and transplantation of the myrtle tree
Reproduction of the myrtle tree can occur in several ways – by propagation by seeds and by cuttings. Seeds are not the most reliable and effective method for beginners, it is better to try the second one. It is easier to observe the germination of cuttings, and at the same time the first flowers will appear 1 year earlier.
So, cuttings are cut in the middle of summer or in the last days of winter. Part of the plant for separation should be in the middle of the crown or below. Pick up strong twigs, with a length of 7-10 cm. Cut or tear off the main part of the leaves, and shorten the rest about 2 times; if the leaf is small, then remove a third of the length.
For the future tree to take root better, treat it with a solution of heteroauxin or root. Then plant in grainy sand mixed with earth and leafy humus. Pick up the pot shallow, but wide.
The temperature for successful development should be in the range of + 17 … + 21C, which most of all corresponds to room indicators in winter. Also try to protect the sprouts from a lot of light. Cover the plant with a clear plastic bottle, cut in half, or with a jar or bag. But do not forget to ventilate young trees, in no case should rotting processes spread to them..
The root system will develop to optimal levels in a month or so. When you notice that the myrtle is ready to find its own “home”, transplant it into a pot for indoor plants with a diameter of 6-8 cm.
Replant young myrtle every year. It is worth changing the place of residence of an adult plant only as needed. In the process of transplanting, follow the location of the trunk, its base should be above ground level.
Choose a pot not very large, this is a frequent oversight of inexperienced florists. Let’s say a three-year-old plant has enough space in a container with a diameter of 10-12 cm.
Fresh soil can be bought at a specialized point of sale.
Diseases and pests
The main troubles that you may encounter during the cultivation of this shrub are related to the degree of air humidity and temperature conditions. If the environment is too hot and dry during winter, you will find that the miracle plant turns yellow and sheds its foliage. In addition, spider mites are often found in such an atmosphere..
Also note that myrtle tree forms an essential oil, but does not release resin. Such liquids signal that the green inhabitant of the house is affected by the scabbard. Insects are not easy to spot as they hardly move, but small, dark, waxy growths can be found that parasitize.
If you encounter this problem, then immediately move the pot away from the rest of the vegetation and start treatment. You can get rid of pests with a soapy solution with the inclusion of alcohol or with special products from the store. Perform the procedure at intervals of 5 to 10 days. Be sure to cover the ground so that treatment substances do not come into contact with the soil..
Myrtle tree – photo
The minimalistic myrtle tree looks fresh and unobtrusive. If you have not yet had time to decide what kind to choose or what shape to give to an already acquired tree – welcome to our selection of photos. Here you will find a variety of beautiful solutions. Happy viewing!