In the arrangement of living quarters, you can more and more often find compositions of living climbing plants, and this is fully justified by both their decorative properties and the ability to perfectly purify the air, bring in a piece of comfort, and also participate in the zoning of space. Phyto-walls and supports with lianas are able to designate a recreation area in the living room, delimit the dining and kitchen areas, and also decorate empty walls. The variety of climbing vines is great – they are small and gigantic, blooming in bright colors or possessing stunning decorative foliage. What types of climbing indoor plants are the most popular and how to look after them, we will consider in our article..
Basic types and care
Among the whole variety of curly green indoor inhabitants, several main groups with their own characteristics can be distinguished. Representatives of some groups have excellent decorative foliage, others have beautiful flowering. There are also plants that do not differ in special care requirements, but there are more finicky ones, over which you will have to sweat a little. It is up to the owners to decide which of them to choose for landscaping the interior, but we will consider the most popular types of climbing indoor plants of different categories and the rules for caring for them.
Representatives of this group are distinguished by excellent aesthetic properties of foliage with its bright colors and shapes. The palette has many shades, ranging from deep green to faint purple. In this case, there are species with variegated “clothes” or monochromatic. Leaf shapes can be carved, pointed, oval. The most common plants in this group are the following:
Cissus – a relative of the vine, with bright green leaves with silvery blotches. Sometimes the leaf plate on the seamy side is painted pink. This tenacious plant is able to firmly cling to its long shoots and braid supports. Caring for cissus is not difficult – it is enough for it to provide a long supply of bright, but diffused light and periodic spraying in hot weather.
Scindapsus – a unique specimen that can grow in any home environment, both near the window itself and in the depths of the room. Its original heart-shaped leaves are painted with a rich green tone, diluted with light spots. The plant grows rather quickly, but in order for the shoots to be more lush, the flower must be pinched periodically. Also, do not forget about fertilizing and creating cool conditions in the winter..
Ivy – an excellent greener for windows and various supports with decorative foliage of an unusual shape of a variegated or monochromatic color. The result of the painstaking work of breeders are subspecies with beautiful shiny leaves of pointed or star-shaped forms. Ivy is completely unpretentious – it needs high-quality watering during growth, as well as regular feeding in the spring-summer season (once every two weeks).
This group includes plants with large deciduous plates, which gives a special effect. For interior phyto-design, crops such as:
Monstera – possesses stunning shining plates of dark green foliage with pronounced cuts reaching the central vein. The liana’s ability to develop up to a length of three meters is due to the presence of air roots, due to which it rises along the support. It is worth noting that the best basis for wrapping vines will be a pipe wrapped in moss. Monstera prefers to be in constantly lit areas, but is afraid of sunburn.
Syngonium – has a large varietal variety, boasts of its green, white or variegated foliage. The maximum plant height is 1.5 m. The leaves of the young specimen are lancet, but over time they become broad-lobed. When caring for a plant, it is necessary to provide it with regular watering and place it in a lighted area. Spraying will not hurt to avoid drying out the foliage..
Philodendron climbing – a magnificent vine gardener of the room, the leaf plates of which can be more than ten centimeters long. The plant has delicate stems on which the leaves are planted alternately. To add pomp, it is necessary to pinch the tops, and fix the branches to the supporting structure. The rest of the care is reduced to regular watering (so that the soil always remains moist) and providing lighting for his place of residence.
Climbing indoor plants that bloom
The ability of loaches to amaze not only with spectacular foliage, but also with the colors of the buds makes them especially in demand for phyto-design. Plants are widely used to decorate window sills, various shelves and whatnots. Best of all, such types as feel in the interior:
Stefanotis – a rather large species of lianas, an adult specimen reaches 5 m. The second name of the plant is “Madagascar Jasmine”. Blossoms with flowers-crowns, collected in bunches in inflorescences. Their color is very varied: from white-cream to light purple. Stefanotis grows quickly and branches abundantly, so it needs to be allocated a spacious place with good lighting. In winter, additional lighting will be needed, since the plant needs a long daylight hours.
Diplomas – an evergreen tropical beauty, attracting with the juiciness of the green cover and beautiful flowers of a varied palette. Open buds over 10 cm in diameter live for about two weeks, exuding a mild aroma. Culture develops better in open space – on warm summer days it is better to take it out into the fresh air.
Hoya – a fairly large culture, which has a middle name “wax ivy”. Special features include original leaves and star-shaped flowers. Hoya can grow up to three meters long and bloom for several months. To maintain the elasticity and brightness of the foliage, it is necessary to place it closer to the east or west sides, water regularly while the young plant is gaining growth. When the buds open, it is not recommended to move the pot – this can stop the flowering process. Phosphorus-containing compositions are used as top dressing.
Morning glory tricolor – this species can be grown not only as a perennial home, but also as an annual garden dweller. It is distinguished by a lush green crown with numerous leaves, but the main advantage is the beautiful flowers of the blue palette. When leaving, do not allow the soil to dry out and direct sunlight.
Tradescantia – is rightfully considered the most common decoration for interiors, since it can be found in almost every home. It stands out sharply with its slightly pubescent foliage with a silvery tint. During flowering, the plant is decorated with small snow-white buds, which, unfortunately, are short-lived. Tradescantia loves abundant watering, but does not tolerate waterlogging, grows in illuminated areas.
Particularly demanding indoor vines
Among all the variety of weaving representatives of the flora, there are gorgeous specimens, but rather capricious ones. To enjoy the excellent lush greenery and vibrant colors of flowering, their owners need to make a lot of effort to create a comfortable environment. The most demanding are the following types:
Ampel begonia – is rightfully recognized as the most attractive climbing plant with delicate dense foliage and a variety of buds. The flowering period is quite long – from spring to mid-autumn. The culture requires bright sunlight in the morning and after 3 pm. In the midday heat, it must be darkened so that the leaves do not get sunburn. Ampel begonia prefers high humidity, but waterlogging of the soil is not permissible. She takes spraying well, and before flowering, you can give her a warm shower. At the beginning of growth, the plant must be fed with fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus and potassium. Also, one or two times a year, you can make organic fertilizing;
Passionflower – the evergreen ampelous plant has flowers that are original in their structure, due to which it received the second name “cavalier’s star”. The flowering period begins in July and lasts until October, accompanied by a pleasant aroma. In a home setting, it is best to place the plant on southern windowsills to provide good lighting. The culture does not tolerate stuffiness, therefore, on summer days, it must be rearranged to open fresh air (balcony, terrace). It should be noted that passionflower does not perceive heat, it is contraindicated for air temperatures above + 30C in summer, and in winter – above + 15C. Daily spraying and showering every week helps to cope with the arid environment. The plant is pruned annually to stimulate vigorous growth and branching..
In addition to the above, the category of particularly demanding flowering indoor vines can be attributed Bougainvillea, Clerodendron and so on. All of them are united by excellent aesthetic indicators, which can be achieved with proper care. These plants love moderate temperatures, humid air, diffused light and absolutely cannot tolerate drought and aggressive sunlight..
Formation of indoor climbing plants
One of the important points of keeping indoor vines is their correct formation and location. Although most plants are capable of independently braiding nearby supports, human intervention in this process will not hurt. Wanting to get a long central branch, as it grows, it is necessary to braid it around a round column and fix it. To fluff the liana so that it becomes much larger is possible by pinching the branches in the area of the apical shoot – then new lateral processes will form.
Climbing indoor plants – photo
Climbing plants for the home are an excellent material for creating not only single phyto-compositions, but also luxurious vertical phyto-walls, the design of which has recently become quite popular. It is worth noting that both ampelous plants with falling stems and various climbing and intertwining vines can take part in the compilation of multi-tiered compositions, especially since they all, as a rule, have the same microclimate requirements. You can find out more about the varieties of climbing indoor plants, as well as their place in interior phyto-design, in our gallery. Happy viewing!