Chlorophytum is a popular domestic herb. Even ten years ago, he met in almost any home. Now it is not so common, but he is still everyone’s favorite. The secret of such popularity is very simple: chlorophytum is unpretentious in its care, it quickly grows and takes root. Even inexperienced growers can easily cope with it. Because of its long drooping, pointed leaves, it was even nicknamed “the green spider”. Inflorescences resemble white stars on tall shoots.
Chlorophytum came to us from South Africa and South America. There are more than two hundred varieties of this plant. In nature, it settles on the branches of trees, is fixed on the bark and is the most important component of the forest cover..
This is a perennial herb up to half a meter high. It has practically no stem, and the basal leaves grow almost from the ground. The rhizome is a white, thin, cord-like shoots that are firmly rooted in the ground due to elongated tubers. Moisture accumulates in these tubers, which saves the flower during a drought..
Chlorophytum was first described in 1794. It was brought to Europe by the end of the 19th century, and it instantly spread everywhere. In nature, it thrives in warm tropical regions and is scattered throughout the world. This is the reason for such a number of different species. Chlorophytum leaves of a linear type, smooth, bright green or variegated. The average length is from 15 to 60 cm.The sinewy core shows through well in the middle.
Leaves can be short-petiolate or sessile. Flowers appear in summer. At home, chlorophytum can bloom several times a year. The buds are grouped into nodes. When they fade, babies develop on the stems. A rosette is formed in place, from which aerial roots sprout. As soon as they touch the ground, they take root almost instantly. There are also fruits: dry oblong boxes with three sections for seeds.
The properties are still not fully understood. But chlorophytum definitely moisturizes dry air well, brings freshness to the room and creates a comfortable microclimate. Its antiseptic effect is also known. It effectively destroys dangerous bacteria around it.
Phytoncides eliminate hazardous vapors: tobacco smoke, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde. The atmosphere in the room becomes much healthier. In addition, the flower is completely safe for pets. Cats may even eat it in place of a special herb to cleanse the body..
Finally, it looks good and bright, fills the room with colors and harmoniously fits into the interior..
It is almost impossible to list all types of chlorophytum. They cannot even be accurately calculated, because different sources provide different data. On average, the category includes more than 200 species of plants, but only a few of them are decorative. They are bred in houses and apartments. These include:
Chlorophytum crested. Bright green, with a symmetrical rosette and narrow long leaves. The diameter of the rosette is up to 50 cm. Tall flowering arrows sprout from it. Visually, an adult bush resembles a fountain. There are several subspecies: vittatum – with a white stripe along the leaf, laxum – with variegated leaves with a whitish edging, variegata – with a silvery edging along the perimeter of a light leaf and the ocean – with a spiral arrangement of leaves.
Chlorophytum Cape. It has long, up to 60 cm, light leaves up to 3 cm wide. The rosettes are very dense. Another feature is short flowering stems. Such a plant reproduces more often by division, and not by the method of forming daughter rosettes typical for chlorophytum. This species is larger than others and can reach 80 cm in height..
Chlorophytum winged or orange. It is a short plant with relatively wide oval leaves. Their petioles are short and fleshy. The color is dark, and the petiole and vein are orange. The inflorescence resembles an ear of corn and forms on a short peduncle. He most of all resembles his tropical counterparts. The most beautiful varieties – Fire Flash and Green Orange.
Chlorophytum Bonnie. It is a small curly chlorophytum with spiral leaves. There is a wide white stripe in the center of the plate.
Chlorophytum is very easy to care for. He needs almost nothing. Under comfortable conditions, it is not whimsical at all, it grows magnificently, turns green and blooms regularly.
The more bright daylight, the better, but protection from direct sunlight will be needed. With a lack of sun, the flower does not die, but grows dull and grows poorly. It is better to place chlorophytum near windows in the light or in partial shade. Ideally, these are not southern windows under scorching rays..
The ideal temperature is around + 25C. In winter – up to + 20C. Avoid hypothermia below + 10C. The colder it is, the lower the humidity should be. Chlorophytum loves spraying and bathing. If the air is too dry, the tips of the leaves dry out. The same happens with a battery or heater..
Plan planting, transplanting and breeding in February or March. A young and actively growing flower is transplanted every year. Mature and mature plants – every few years. When replanting, clean the root of clods and remove rotten and damaged fragments. After all procedures, water the plant and leave it in the shade.
Keep in mind that chlorophytum needs a large, voluminous pot. The flower has a powerful branched rhizome that needs space. But at the same time, you should not take too much capacity “for growth”: the root system will tend to fill the volume to the detriment of the ground part.
Water the plant abundantly in summer and spring, but do not overuse. Let the soil dry at least half. Chlorophytum stores moisture in the tubers of the rhizome, so that it will have enough. Never allow stagnant water and empty the pan 20 minutes after watering.
An ideal neutral or slightly acidic soil mixture consists of sod and leafy soil, sand, leaf humus and crushed coniferous bark in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1: 1. As fertilizers, you can periodically add a mineral complex solution for deciduous plants to the soil. It is best to do this in March-August, 1-2 times a month.
Transplant and reproduction
Chlorophytum multiplies very easily. You don’t need practically anything for this. Of course, you can grow a flower yourself from seeds, or you can use simple vegetative methods. The options are:
Seeds. Keep in mind that they have a rather low germination rate, only 25-40%. You can buy them in a special store or assemble them yourself, but in the latter case, you will first have to be puzzled by artificial pollination of the flower. It is better to plant chlorophytum in early spring. Leave the seeds in a wet cloth for a day. After that, the seeds are buried in the ground by about 7 mm. Spray the surface with water and cover with plastic wrap. Leave the makeshift greenhouse warm and in the sun. Temperature – up to 25C. Sunlight is diffused. Air daily and spray periodically. The flower emerges unevenly, after about 5 weeks. You need to remove the film gradually, at first – not for long, in order to accustom weak seedlings to open air. When a few true strong leaves appear, the seedling can be transferred to a separate pot.
Rooting outlets. Babies that form on peduncles are small rosettes with an aerial root. It is enough to bury them a little in the soil, and nature will do its own thing. Children are separated from the escape when they have already taken root. The second option is to cut off the outlet and put it briefly in a container with a small amount of water. When the root is formed, it can be transplanted into the soil..
Division. Large, mature plants can be separated when transplanting. It is better to do this in spring and with flowers that are over 4 years old. Carefully cut the rhizome with a sharp blade. Powder the cut with charcoal for disinfection and protection. Divide the plants into separate pots immediately. Usually even small parts with a small root take root successfully. This is one of the main properties of chlorophytum..
Pest and disease control
If you properly care for chlorophytum, it is not afraid of diseases and parasites. If the humidity is too high, fungus can develop. The roots rot, spots appear on the leaves, powdery mildew is visible. If this is the case, replace the soil, apply a fungicide, and trim off any damaged areas. The flower recovers quickly, so it is not scary for him..
On the street, chlorophytum is attacked by parasites: scale insects, spider mites, scale insects. Therefore, the leaves need to be regularly examined and treated with insecticides and acaricides..
Chlorophytum – photo
To find out what chlorophytum looks like, check out our selection of photos. This will help you navigate the choice and understand where to put your new pet..