Projects of houses from foam blocks with a garage: specifics of designs and 60+ ready-made comfortable options

Projects of houses from foam blocks with a garage. The foam block is a new material that builders quickly fell in love with. It is a kind of foam concrete (aerated concrete)

The foam block is a new material that builders quickly fell in love with. It is a kind of foam concrete (aerated concrete)

If you decide to build a mansion outside the city or within its boundaries, with or without a garage, then you will be interested in learning more about the possibilities of modern building technologies. Below are projects of houses from foam blocks with a garage – both two-story houses from a foam block, and types of one-story options. Ready-made projects will help you decide, for example, whether you need an attic and what should be the finished version of your home.

In addition to other features, foam concrete has a rather low shrinkage coefficient

Foam concrete, among other features, has a fairly low shrinkage coefficient

Foam concrete is the golden mean in the modern construction of small and medium-sized private housing: its quality and price converge in almost the most attractive ratio.

Foam concrete is the golden mean in the modern construction of small and medium-sized private housing: its quality and price converge in almost the most attractive ratio.

Where to begin?

Before you start building a house, you need to decide on the main parameters of future housing:

  • Material – there are many options here. If the task is to build a good, warm house and not spend a large amount of money on it, then we recommend stopping your attention on foam blocks. This material is widely used abroad and is already loved by consumers due to its unique advantages..
  • Project. You can create your own project, according to which the construction will be carried out, but there are ready-made projects from which you can simply choose the one you like best. If you turn to specialists for help, they will most likely offer you to look at photos of already created projects. When there is a need to make minor changes, they usually do it for free. If you need significant adjustments, then this option is also quite feasible for a small surcharge..
  • The size. If you have a large family, then it is better to consider two-story options for 10×10 projects. The house will turn out to be quite compact and ideally located on a small plot of land, and for a convenient and competent planning of the internal space it will be quite enough.

One-storey house with a garage on a plot of 17.6 × 14m

One-storey house with a garage on a plot of 17.6 × 14m

One-storey house with a garage on a plot of 17.6 × 14m. Visualization from the project: backyard and terrace

One-storey house with a garage on a plot of 17.6 × 14m. Visualization from the project: backyard and terrace

The total area of ​​all premises of the house (visualization of the exterior - see above) - 165.1 m2

The total area of ​​all premises of the house (visualization of the exterior – see above) is 165.1 sq. m

Kitchen-studio of a one-story foam block house with a garage for two cars. The total area of ​​all living quarters here is ≈117 sq. m

Kitchen-studio of a one-story foam block house with a garage for two cars.

The total area of ​​all living quarters here is ≈117 sq. m

Kitchen-studio: opposite view

Kitchen-studio: opposite view

Placing objects

Next, you need to decide what objects you would like to have on your site. To do this, you can designate on whatman paper where the gazebo, sauna, playground, flower bed, garage and other desired objects will be located. Indicate their approximate dimensions. This will make it easier for you to understand how much space the house itself can take..

Then you have to decide on the layout of your home: how many rooms there should be, their shape and the desired size. For example, if you want a kitchen of at least 15 sq. m, indicate this in your development plan.

You can buy such a house project ready-made, and then make edits and clarifications to it, which are required by the construction conditions on a specific land plot.

You can buy such a house project ready-made, and then make edits and clarifications to it, which are required by the construction conditions on a specific land plot.

Some pages of the purchased sample project will undergo changes in any case. For example, in the first, architectural part of the project, this is a situational plan and a site improvement plan

Some pages of the purchased sample project will undergo changes in any case. For example, in the first, architectural part of the project, this is a situational plan and a site improvement plan

The desired parameters for each of the premises can be written on a separate sheet of paper. In the future, such a plan will help you act more efficiently and quickly, because both you and the specialists involved will already have something to build on.

If you are going to build a one-story house, then it will be interesting for you to pay attention to the projects of one-story houses from foam blocks, since this material is ideal for the construction of small buildings. The fact is that the foam block has a load limitation, but in the case of the construction option under consideration, this does not in any way affect the choice of this material due to the low number of storeys of the house.

Advice! If, in the process of drawing up a plan, you find that all the desired objects do not fit into it, then you can consider projects of one-story houses from foam blocks with an attic. This option will help you realize all ideas without spending a large amount on the construction of a full-fledged house on two floors..

Schematic view of all premises of a one-story house with an area of ​​165 sq.m with a garage for two cars (3D visualization of the exterior and interior - see above)

Schematic view of all premises of a one-story house with an area of ​​165 sq.m with a garage for two cars (3D visualization of the exterior and interior – see above)

How the house will look from different sides of the site: detailed image. The dimensions and arrangement of walls made of foam blocks will be described in more detail by sweeps

How the house will look from different sides of the site: detailed image. The dimensions and arrangement of walls made of foam blocks will be described in more detail by sweeps

What is a foam block?

Foam blocks quickly gained consumer popularity due to the convenient combination of low cost and practicality. Foam blocks are stones that are porous in structure, which are a type of aerated concrete..

In the process of creating foam blocks, water, sand, cement and prepared foam are used. The mixture is stirred mechanically, poured into molds and left to solidify. In the process, closed pores are formed, evenly distributed throughout the foam block in a huge amount. As a result, we get a breathable material that is able to match the characteristics of natural wood..

The structure of aerated concrete with an increase

The structure of aerated concrete with an increase

Foaming agents used by the manufacturer, depending on the base used, are divided into two types:

  • Synthetic, with the help of which a cheap, but not very durable material is obtained.
  • Natural, environmentally friendly. They do not have a hazard class, such blocks are durable due to the large thickness between the pores.

Advice! When purchasing foam blocks, ask the distributor what foaming agents are used to create specific foam blocks.

A separate issue, which will be discussed in detail when drawing up estimates for construction, is the exterior decoration of the facade. Foam blocks mean it in any case. There are some restrictions here

A separate issue, which will be discussed in detail when drawing up estimates for construction, is the exterior decoration of the facade. Foam blocks mean it in any case. There are some restrictions here

The main thing in finishing the facade of a house made of foam concrete is its weight. It is not recommended to choose natural and artificial stone for this.

The main thing in finishing the facade of a house made of foam concrete is its weight. It is not recommended to choose natural and artificial stone for this.

Types and differences of foam blocks

Foam concrete blocks are divided by density.

  • Structural material grades D1000, D1100 and D1200 are suitable for foundations, load-bearing walls and basements.
  • Structural and thermal insulation material under the brands from D500 D900 is used for the construction of partitions and the creation of walls that are load-bearing.
  • Heat-insulating material of grades from D300 to D500 is used to make the heat-insulating contour of the walls..

Foam blocks can be made in molds and at the construction site. Block shapes can be any:

Foam blocks can be made in molds and at the construction site. Block shapes can be any: “pilasters”, “chimney”, various rotary for corners, as well as counterparts to them, etc..

Foam blocks are also divided according to indicators that determine the level of thermal conductivity.

  • For structural brands of foam concrete, thermal conductivity characteristics are in the range of 0.29-0.38 W / m * deg. Clay brick has a higher thermal conductivity.
  • Structural and heat-insulating grades have thermal conductivity values ​​from 0.15 to 0.29 W / m * deg.
  • Heat-insulating indicators range from 0.09-0.12 W / m * deg. For example, the thermal insulation of natural wood is in the range of 0.11-0.19 W / m * deg..

Single-storey construction and a mild climate give more room in the choice of facade finishes. In this case, thermal insulation and protection of walls from moisture are not so important.

Single-storey construction and a mild climate give more room in the choice of facade finishes. In this case, thermal insulation and protection of walls from moisture are not so important.

Frost resistance is an important indicator of foam concrete. It ranges from 15 to 75 cycles, which is a very high level. The manufacturing methods for this material are also different:

  • The cut material is made by cutting a large layer of aerated concrete using a cutting machine. Such products have increased edge strength and come out perfectly smooth, but in terms of quality, you will have to rely on the manufacturer’s conscientiousness..
  • The molded material is obtained by pouring the mortar into molds equipped with baffles. The price in this case will be less than in the previous one..

An example of a page from the second, constructive part of a typical project of a foam block house. This section describes in more detail the device of all parts of the house - from the foundation to the roof.

An example of a page from the second, constructive part of a typical project of a foam block house. This section describes in more detail the device of all parts of the house – from the foundation to the roof.

Why is it so easy to work with a foam block??

Building from this material is a simple, pleasant and fairly quick process. Foam blocks are lightweight, which makes laying quickly and easily. Working with foam blocks is similar to working with bricks, only the speed is much higher due to the large size of the foam block.

Preparation of the solution also does not require special intellectual abilities or special skills from you. There is information on the Internet on how to cook it correctly, but remember that keeping the proportions is a very important point. In general, you should not neglect the little things in the construction process. There is special literature that should be studied if you are going to build a house on your own..

Organizes the project listing of all drawings, sections and explications

Organizes the project listing of all drawings, sections and explications

The use of this material allows you to implement even the most intricate architectural solutions. This is due to one very important property of foam concrete: its shape can be changed in various mechanical ways. That is why foam blocks are very often used in the construction of a house with a garage..

Depending on the type of floors, roofs, calculations on which the foundation was laid, the number of storeys can be laid even like this. A popular option: a garage, a boiler room and a laundry room - in the basement, depending on the type of floors, roofing, calculations on which the foundation is laid, the number of storeys can be laid even like this. Popular option: garage, boiler room and laundry room in the basement

Depending on the type of floors, roofs, calculations on which the foundation was laid, the number of storeys can be laid even like this. Popular option: garage, boiler room and laundry room – in the basement

The main advantages of foam blocks

  • Low material cost.

Foam blocks are lightweight and form convenient for construction. This is achieved thanks to a special technology, in which foam and filler are combined in a certain proportion, after which the mixture is poured into special molds until solidification.

Depending on the specific construction conditions, foam blocks are either made on site, or transported to the construction site, the number of finished blocks of standard sizes specified in the project

Depending on the specific construction conditions, foam blocks are either made on site, or transported to the construction site, the number of finished blocks of standard sizes specified in the project

Due to the high degree of porosity, the foam block will weigh very little, from which such a positive quality follows:

  • Blocks are easy to transport and install.
  • There is no need for a strong foundation, since the load-bearing walls are lightweight and do not give a large load.
  • Due to the rather large size of the foam blocks, the masonry speed increases and the amount of solution decreases.
  • All this allows you to significantly reduce the costs and time of building a mansion, because the process does not require the participation of additional workers who had to perform complex tasks..
  • There is no need to use expensive special equipment and purchase materials in large volumes.
  • The foam block has excellent adhesion. Walls from it can be painted, plastered, revetted with any material, i.e. foam blocks can be finished with any finish.

It is worth noting here that wall cladding made of the material in question is needed in any case. So this characteristic can be considered, among other things, as one of the few disadvantages of the foam block. Indeed, without cladding, the material is prone to a decrease in its performance..

For the design of the exteriors of non-residential buildings, hinged (cassette) facades are the most popular. But there are also exceptionally successful design projects of residential buildings with such a solution in cladding and insulation But there are also exceptionally successful design projects of residential buildings with such a solution in cladding and insulation.

For the design of the exteriors of non-residential buildings, the most popular are hinged (cassette) facades. But there are also exceptionally successful design projects of residential buildings with such a solution in cladding and insulation.

Ventilated facade construction. This one is ideally combined with foam concrete: it is lightweight, protects from weather conditions and hides heat-insulating layers

Ventilated facade construction. This one is ideally combined with foam concrete: it is lightweight, protects from weather conditions and hides heat-insulating layers

  • Buildings made of foam blocks retain heat well. This is achieved due to the porosity and frost resistance of the material..
  • Another pleasant moment of working with this material is that at the end of the construction process there is no need to insulate the walls and carry out waterproofing, since the heat transmission of the blocks is extremely low.
  • In addition, foam blocks have a high sound absorption capacity, which will allow owners to forget about the discomfort from noise outside the walls of their home..
  • Interesting fact: buildings made of foam concrete blocks get stronger over the years, and their service life is more than 100 years.
  • It is possible to build a house from foam blocks in a season, which is another indisputable advantage of using this material in the construction..
  • The cost of a cubic meter of foam blocks will be 2.5 times less than a cubic meter of brick. Although the best qualities of bricks are also inherent in foam concrete: it does not lend itself to destruction for a long time, mold, does not burn and has a low thermal conductivity.
  • Foam concrete is an environmentally friendly material, so people with serious health problems can live in a house made of it..

The idea of ​​light-permeable walls made of glass blocks in a two-story house made of foam concrete

The idea of ​​light-permeable walls made of glass blocks in a two-story house made of foam concrete

About garage

The garage is an absolute must on the property of a happy homeowner, especially in areas outside the city, where a vehicle is not a luxury, but a necessity..

An example of a page from a typical project of a house made of aerated concrete (or foam blocks): explication of the premises of the 2nd floor

An example of a page from a typical project of a house made of aerated concrete (or foam blocks): explication of the premises of the 2nd floor

Wall materials such as brittle foam concrete limit the permissible loads on them, so multi-storey construction is impossible with them. But an attic floor under a light roof on rafters is an ideal compromise option.

Wall materials such as brittle foam concrete limit the permissible loads on them, so multi-storey construction is impossible with them. But an attic floor under a light roof on rafters is an ideal compromise option.

Consider options for combining a house and a garage on the same site. They differ in cost and execution time, as well as functionality, usability and appearance. How the garage is located on the site will further determine the amount of costs for maintaining the garage.

  • Projects of houses from a foam block with a garage can be implemented as free-standing objects, that is, the house and the garage will be separate full-fledged buildings. This option for building a garage will require a separate foundation, which will entail an increase in costs during the construction process..
  • The garage can be built into the side wall of the house. This will reduce the energy loss of the house itself and the cost of building a garage, as if it were a detached building..
  • Another option is when the underground basement serves as the place for the garage..

Advice! When designing an exit from the garage, consider the possibility of unhindered entry into the house through the front entrance.

Projects of houses from foam blocks with a garage: garage project

Before building a garage, you need to create its project. The owner decides what the appearance of the garage will be, but a sketch of this building is simply necessary. This does not mean that you need to make a lot of drawings on graph paper, but, nevertheless, the garage project will have to pay special attention..

3D visualization of a foam concrete house with an attic under a gable roof and a garage in the basement. You can revet and decorate the facades of such a house with any light material - siding, planken, and so on.

3D visualization of a foam concrete house with an attic under a gable roof and a garage in the basement. You can revet and decorate the facades of such a house with any light material – siding, planken, and so on.

First of all, you need to decide what tasks the garage will perform in a particular case:

  1. The number of cars for which a garage is being built
  2. The presence of a viewing pit
  3. Will the garage be designed to store anything other than a car.

The next step towards building a garage will be to determine the size of the future building. This value depends on the tasks of the garage and on the characteristics of the space in which the construction of the garage is planned..

Projects of houses from foam blocks with a garage: a compact house, suitable for urban single and low-rise construction. According to the standard design, the area of ​​this house is ≈111 sq. m

Compact house suitable for urban single and low-rise buildings. According to the standard design, the area of ​​this house is ≈111 sq. m

Facades of a one-story house with a veranda and a corner window in the kitchen. The small coefficient of wall shrinkage allows such glazing, which is unusual for our conditions.

Facades of a one-story house with a veranda and a corner window in the kitchen. The small coefficient of wall shrinkage allows such glazing, which is unusual for our conditions.

You also need to decide on the budget that you are ready to allocate for the construction of the garage. As a rule, the price of this building is laid down when drawing up an estimate for the construction of a house..

After the steps described above for making basic decisions regarding the functionality of the garage, you can proceed directly to the beginning of its construction..

Panoramic view inside the house (for the images of the facades, see above). Foam blocks are hygroscopic material for walls, but for year-round living at home, they are no less suitable than brick ones.

A panoramic view inside the house (for the images of the facades, see above). Foam blocks are hygroscopic material for walls, but for year-round living at home, they are no less suitable than brick ones.

The basic layout of the first floor in a typical project of a house with an area of ​​110.6 sq. m. Foundation - tape, monolithic prefabricated

The basic layout of the first floor in a typical project of a house with an area of ​​110.6 sq. m. Foundation – tape, monolithic prefabricated

When creating any projects of houses from foam blocks with a garage, remember: you live here. Receive guests, raise children, recuperate and enjoy life. You have the opportunity to create a truly cozy and unique family nest. Therefore, do not neglect the advice of professionals, but also do not let other people violate their own harmony, which you have every chance to bring to life..