Tradescantia: care features and 50+ best solutions for room or garden decor

The genus has more than 70 species - herbaceous perennial plants

The genus includes more than 70 species of herbaceous perennial plants

Tradescantia is a genus of low herbaceous perennials from the tropical strip of North and South America. Belongs to the Kommelinov family. The plant got its name from the name of the scientist who discovered it – John Tradescant. In everyday life, you can hear such names as saxifrage and woman’s gossip. Indoor Tradescantia is considered one of the most unpretentious ampelous flowers, which is easy to care for at home. Only some of its species can grow in open ground and in a flower bed..

Tradescantia looks very elegant in rockeries and to create a wild garden, beautifully complement a garden flower bed or simply decorate a house

Tradescantia looks very elegant in rockeries and to create a wild garden, beautifully complement a garden flower bed or simply decorate a house

Tradescantia is an evergreen herb with original variegated leaves

Tradescantia is an evergreen herb that is distinguished by its original variegated leaves.

Tradescantia: varieties

The tradescantia plant has long, creeping shoots. Its inflorescences are axillary, apical. Tradescantia leaf oblong, elliptical, lanceolate.

With an excess of direct sunlight, the leaves of tradescantia can fade.

With an excess of direct sunlight, the leaves of tradescantia can fade.

There are many types of tradescantia, but a layman cannot distinguish between them. We will focus on the most popular varieties of homemade and garden-grown tradescantia..

T. Anderson

This name hides a large number of hybrid species of garden tradescantia, which were bred thanks to another species – T. virginskaya.

This amazing flower received its name from the traveler, collector, botanist and gardener John by the name of Tradescant.

This amazing flower received its name from the traveler, collector, botanist and gardener John by the name of Tradescant.

Plants included in this group are distinguished by a rather large height – from 30 to 80 cm.The stem is branched, erect, completely covered with linear-lanceolate purple-green leaves.

Anderson’s Tradescantia flowers are collected in umbrellas. They are purple, blue, white, or pink. Bloom all summer.

Tradescantia flowers pink

Tradescantia flowers pink

There are several popular varieties:

  • ‘J. G. Weguelin’s beautiful and rather large blue flowers;

Tradescantia varieties J. G. Weguelin

Tradescantia varieties J. G. Weguelin

  • ‘Leonora’. The flowers are darker, violet-blue;

Tradescantia variety 'Leonora'

Tradescantia variety ‘Leonora’

  • ‘Iris’. Deep blue flowers;

Tradescantia variety 'Iris'

Tradescantia variety ‘Iris’

  • ‘Purewell Giant’. Carmine flowers;
  • ‘Osprey’. A plant with delicate white flowers.

Tradescantia cultivar 'Osprey'

Tradescantia variety ‘Osprey’

Idea! The abundance of flowers allows you to create unusually bright flower beds from Tradescantia. You can supplement the picture if you take out indoor tradescantia in the garden for the summer.

T. Belotsvetkovaya / Tricolor / Uridis

Tradescantia variety 'Albovittata'

Tradescantia variety ‘Albovittata’

The flowers of such a tradescantia are small and white. The stems are creeping, and the leaves are wide, thick, ovoid. ‘Albovittata’ has green leaves with white stripes, ‘Aurea’ has yellow leaves with green stripes. ‘Tricolor’ leaves very variegated green with white and purple stripes.

Tradescantia variety 'Tricolor'

Tradescantia variety ‘Tricolor’

T. Blossfeld

Semi-succulent plants native to Argentina. Leaves are alternate, up to 8 cm long, purple below and red-green above. Flowers of this species are also interesting. They have three petals, grow on long pubescent stems, and have bracts. The filaments are also pubescent.

Yellow stripes on the leaves indicate that the variegata form is in front of you.

Tradescantia cultivar 'Variegata'

Tradescantia variety ‘Variegata’

Advice! If the lighting in the room is weak, it is better not to start this variety, since the stripes on the leaves disappear from a lack of light and with improper pruning..

T. Virginskaya

Tradescantia Virginia blooms with bright purple flowers

Tradescantia Virginia blooms with bright purple flowers

It has a straight stem and fairly large purple-pink flowers with three petals, collected in umbrellas. Leaves are long (up to 20 cm), lanceolate. This species has established itself well as a garden perennial. T. Virginskaya blooms from mid to late summer.

T. Zebra / Hanging

Tradescantia is great for growing in hanging pots, as it has long bending shoots

Tradescantia is great for growing in hanging pots, as it has long bending shoots

It is also called Tradescantia Zebrin. However, some scientists believe that this is not a type of Tradescantia, but a separate genus of plants belonging to the same Kommelinov family..

Homemade Tradescantia simply pleases with its appearance.

Homemade Tradescantia simply pleases with its appearance.

Colloquial nickname -

Colloquial nickname – “woman’s gossip”, the flower received for the numerous flowing shoots, which are beautifully intertwined

The shoots of this plant are creeping, hanging. The leaves are reminiscent of a zebra in color: on a dark green leaf there are two silvery-white stripes. The back of the leaf is completely red. Flowers are small, purple and purple.

Indoor Tradescantia is not picky about care, however, so that the plant does not lose its decorative effect, some conditions are necessary

Indoor Tradescantia is not picky about care, however, so that the plant does not lose its decorative effect, some conditions are necessary

T. Scaphoid

Tradescantia Scaphoid

Tradescantia Scaphoid

Perhaps one of the most decorative ampelous forms of tradescantia. This is a succulent plant, its shoots spread over the surface. The leaves are short and thick, downright dotted with purple dots. Apical inflorescences.

This variegated ampelous plant will decorate any home

This variegated ampelous plant will decorate any home

Planting and transplanting

Planting and caring for plants are always interconnected. To make it easier for yourself, you should carefully consider the selection of soil for Tradescantia, and then caring for it will not cause any worries..

Indoor Tradescantia relieves households from harmful vapors, purifies and humidifies the air at the same time

Indoor Tradescantia relieves households from harmful vapors, purifies and humidifies the air at the same time

In principle, it is possible to plant this unpretentious plant in ordinary soil, but then it will not be insured against various pests, among which this flower is most harassed by black mosquitoes..

To avoid problems, purchase a special mixture in the store or make it yourself. The recipe for soil for Tradescantia is as follows: two parts of deciduous soil must be mixed with one part of turf and one part of humus, as well as a small handful of sand. All components are best calcined in the oven before mixing. In addition, you should take care of the drainage.

Tradescantia, which is so easy to care for at home, is suitable for growing even for beginners

Tradescantia, which is so easy to care for at home, is suitable for growing even for beginners

Advice! Tradescantia is very tolerant of different temperatures, but loves sunlight, which should be taken into account when choosing a place to plant this plant. The more variegated the leaves of a flower, the more light (but not direct rays) it needs. Tradescantia Belotsvetkovaya treats shade well.

Please your garden with such a beautiful inhabitant, and it will sparkle with new colors

Please your garden with such a beautiful inhabitant, and it will sparkle with new colors

Young Tradescantia are replanted every spring. Adults – every two to three years. Pruning is added to the transplant.

Reproduction

There are three ways to breed Tradescantia, each of which is appropriate at different times of the year..

So, it is better not to cut the cuttings of Tradescantia in winter, since they do not have enough light for rooting. The rest of the time this method gives good results..

The most reliable way to propagate Tradescantia is by cuttings

The most reliable way to propagate Tradescantia is by cuttings

Young shoots are selected and cuttings are cut, 10 – 15 cm long. Then they are planted in pots in several pieces (5 – 10). The root of a tradescantia grown from a cuttings appears in a couple of weeks. Compost and humus soil, as well as sand (in equal parts) are used as soil. The plant will acquire an attractive appearance in a month and a half..

Plant Tradescantia in several pieces per pot, then your plant will be more lush.

Plant a few Tradescantia in a pot, then your plant will be more lush.

Idea! Try leaving the cutting in water and feeding it periodically with fertilizer. So he can stand for several months, preserving his beauty..

The Tradescantia flower is a constant guest of any modern apartment.

The Tradescantia flower is a constant guest of any modern apartment.

In spring, it is best to propagate Tradescantia by seed. They are sown in small greenhouses in early March. Peat and sand mixed in half are used as soil. The tray is kept warm (20 ° C), the sprouts are aired and watered. Be prepared for the plant to bloom only after three years..

The bush is divided in the spring, after waiting for the germination of new shoots, or in September, at the end of flowering. Choose a copy that is at least two years old.

After 1-2 years, it is recommended to rejuvenate it, since the leaves on the lower part of the stem dry up, the shoot is bare and looks ugly

After 1-2 years, it is recommended to rejuvenate it, since the leaves on the lower part of the stem dry out, the shoot is bare and looks ugly

The bush is cut so that each part has roots and at least one stem. The more shoots there are, the faster Tradescantia will grow..

Care

To grow a magnificent specimen of Tradescantia, you need to follow a few simple rules of care..

Plant Tradescantia in your garden so you don't have to think about how to surprise your gardening friends

Plant Tradescantia in your garden so you don’t have to think about how to surprise your gardening friends

Air temperature and humidity. Tradescantia can withstand a wide variety of temperatures. So, it can be in a warm room (20-25 ° C) or winter in a cool room (8-12 ° C). Some species withstand winter outdoors in central Russia.

Air humidity is not a very important indicator for Tradescantia, however, in severe drought, they respond gratefully to spraying..

Watering. The frequency and amount of watering depends on the place where the tradescantia grows and the time of year. So, in spring and summer, it is watered a couple of days after the surface of the earth becomes dry. In winter – after three days, and if the pot is in a cool room, even less often.

Advice! Before watering, settle the water and monitor its hardness. Tradescantia loves soft water.

Make your apartment more stylish and comfortable by decorating it with live plants

Make your apartment more stylish and comfortable by decorating it with live plants

30 minutes after watering, inspect the pan and remove any remaining water. Liquid stagnation is detrimental to this plant..

Lighting. The most favorable for tradescantia is bright, but diffused light. Direct rays can burn the plant, and in the shade, some varieties lose their variegated color. It is useful to put the pots on the balcony when it is warm enough outside, but you should protect them from wind, ultraviolet radiation and slugs.

Direct sun, as for all plants, is not desirable, under its influence the leaves can get burned

Direct sun, as for all plants, is not desirable, under its influence the leaves can get burned

Top dressing. Mineral fertilizers are applied in summer and spring every two weeks. Organic fertilizers are acceptable only for varieties with monochrome leaves. Variegated specimens can lose color features from them..

Pruning. In order for the flower to be lush, and the stems not to be exposed, pruning and pinching should be carried out.

Suspended growth of new leaves may be due to a lack of light and nutrition.

Suspended growth of new leaves may be due to a lack of light and nutrition.

Diseases and pests. Tradescantia is loved by pests: aphids, scale insects, spider mites. Therefore, the plant should be frequently inspected, and when the first symptoms appear, rinse with soapy water. In severe cases, resort to the use of insecticides.

Examine the flower regularly for ticks and scale insects that suck up the sap of the plant, causing the leaves to die.

Examine the flower regularly for ticks and scale insects that suck up the sap of the plant, causing the leaves to die.

In addition, a number of problems are explained by the violation of the rules of care:

  • Bare branches – there is not enough light and feeding;
  • Monotonous color – lack of light;
  • Sluggish yellow leaves – lack of fluid;
  • Brown and dry leaf tips – excessively dry air.