Orchid pot: determine the size and all the secrets of the right choice

An incredibly beautiful home plant is a luxurious orchid. Find out all the secrets of choosing a pot for her, further in the article

Orchid is a luxurious, incredibly beautiful house plant

An orchid is a plant that in the bulk belongs to epiphytes, less often to lithophytes, but both of them do not tolerate waterlogging of the roots, and therefore one of the main conditions for their healthy existence is the correct pot for an orchid. Exotic beauty is a very popular flower both among professional florists and amateurs who are captivated by its beauty. However, not every beginner is able to grow this miracle. Experienced growers willingly share useful tips with the “juniors”.

Orchid on the summer ground at the entrance of a private house. Depending on the choice of the pot, this beauty will be able to complement any interior.

Orchid on the summer ground at the entrance of a private house. This potted beauty will complement any interior

With the right choice of a pot for an orchid, the further development of this plant and of course the abundance of flowering depends

The further development and abundance of flowering depends on the correct choice of a pot for an orchid.

Incredibly beautiful orchids in ceramic pots

Orchids in ceramic pots

Orchid pots: types

It would seem that the easiest way is to buy a potted orchid, but this is not the case. Even the selection of a vessel for this fastidious “lady” is a whole epic, and even mastering the science of how to care for an orchid in a pot is the crown of the flower grower’s experience. Orchid is the most capricious plant of the entire home “arboretum”.

Experienced flower growers can afford to arrange an orchid in a composition in a small florarium, picking up a transparent glass jar of the appropriate size

Experienced flower growers can afford to grow an orchid in a small florarium, choosing a transparent glass jar of the appropriate size

Plastic pots

They are divided into two types – with ready-made factory holes and without them. Such species differ in their characteristics, the substrate dries out slowly in them, salt accumulates little inside, and in cold periods of time and in summer heat, they do not allow the roots to freeze or overheat. On the other hand, this is a very dangerous container, since the slightest overflow of water can lead to rotting of the roots and the death of the plant. Plastic containers with ready-made holes are quite suitable as a “house” for an orchid: they create a good drainage system, but plastic pots without holes cannot be used.

Very cute translucent frosted plastic orchid pots

Translucent Matte Plastic Orchid Pots

Advice! If you want the potted orchid to grow strong and healthy, and at the same time you already have a molded plastic container, use a hot nail to burn a few holes in it on the sides at the base with a hot nail. Or drill them with a regular drill..

13

Despite the fact that there are holes in the plastic vessels, you will have to carefully monitor the moisture content of the root system..

Pros:

  • transparency – the state of the roots is visible;
  • cheapness – the price for them is low;
  • you can do it yourself from any jar of mayonnaise by drilling holes.

Minuses:

  • have to constantly live in tension, monitoring the level of humidity.

White plastic orchid pots in the form of irregular polyhedra

White plastic orchid pots in the form of irregular polyhedra

Glass pots

Many owners of gardens on window sills and insulated balconies believe that home orchids in pots are a past century and an unaesthetic sight, and therefore use beautiful glass containers instead. Inspired newbies purchase fancy jumbo glasses or take out mini aquariums. And completely in vain: they do not take into account that such beauty can play to the detriment of the health of the plant..

13

If we can still drill or burn through several holes in a plastic container to avoid excess moisture accumulation, then this cannot be done in glass. In addition, planting in such a container will also require special preparation of the drainage layer and soil, otherwise disturbed air circulation will lead to the formation of algae, mucus, and the flower itself will die. This means that only professionals can afford such a luxury..

Incredibly delicate arrangement of pink orchids in glass pots

Incredibly delicate arrangement of pink orchids in glass pots

Pros:

  • transparency – the root system is visible;
  • beauty – unusual glass pleases the eye.

Minuses:

  • there are no holes and there is no way to make them;
  • you will have to organize drainage;
  • constant monitoring of irrigation.

Clay / ceramic pots 

The dream of every housewife is a wall-to-wall shelf with a variety of orchids. Pay attention to the variety of ceramic pot designs

The dream of every housewife is a wall-to-wall shelf with wonderful orchids. Pay attention to the variety of ceramic pot designs

These pots are made with holes, they are distinguished by excellent water permeability and air permeability, water does not accumulate in one place, but is evenly distributed around the perimeter. The roots do not freeze and do not overheat, plus they do not need to be watered often.

15

Pros:

  • good permeability to water and air;
  • ready-made holes for water outflow;
  • heaviness that prevents the vessel from overturning under the weight of its own weight.

Minuses:

  • roughness of the inner surface. The roots can “stick” to it, which is dangerous with plant injuries;
  • salt deposits quickly accumulate;
  • porosity decreases over time and is destroyed under the influence of salts.

Delicate ceramic pots in a neutral color for orchids, suitable for flowers of any shade

Delicate ceramic pots in a neutral color are suitable for any shade of orchids

Important! Clay pots are worth buying in light colors to prevent overheating..

You can plant several orchids in a large ceramic pot. You can choose both plain and multi-colored flowers, getting original compositions to complement the interior of the house

You can plant several orchids in a spacious ceramic pot. Choose both plain and multi-colored flowers, getting original compositions to complement the interior of the house

Before planting the orchid in a ceramic bowl, it is heated in the oven for the purpose of disinfection, then soaked in clean water. If the pot has already been in use, remove the salt by soaking it in acidified water.

Very delicate lace ceramic orchid pot in blue tones

Delicate lace ceramic orchid pot in blue tones

Wooden, bamboo or metal baskets

If a wooden container is used, so that the roots do not grow to the walls, a mesh container of the same size is placed inside a wooden bowl and placed inside the first monolithic container. Bamboo baskets are smooth, and therefore do not require such manipulations..

You can also plant several plants in a spacious wooden pot of this unusual shape.

Several plants can be planted in a spacious wooden pot with an unusual shape.

Wooden baskets are made from wooden or bamboo slats to the size of the pot, then holes are drilled on both sides, the material is placed at right angles so that the holes coincide. The strips are joined by copper wire, from the bottom it is twisted in a knot, and upward it is tied in the form of rings so that it can be hung like a flowerpot.

A wicker basket with orchids looks very harmonious in the interior.

A wicker basket with orchids looks harmoniously in any interior

Advice! So that the soil does not spill out of the basket, all the gaps should be paved with sphagnum moss (peat).

Delicate pot for orchids made of natural light wood, neutral shade suitable for flowers of any color

Natural light wood orchid pot suitable for flowers of any shade

Pros:

  • environmental friendliness;
  • beautiful appearance;
  • well organized drainage.

Minuses:

  • fragility of natural raw materials.

fourteen

Does size matter?

Of course, it has, as for any other household resident of the window sill. The size of the pot is determined simply: the diameter must correspond to the height of the orchid. Too large containers are dangerous due to uneven drying of the soil and rotting of the roots. Small pots tend to roll over from the weight of the growing flower itself. The ideal pot is one in which the orchid will be a little cramped, but just a little to stimulate growth..

Orchid in a pot: home care

Potted orchid care has a number of features.

Lighting selection rules

  1. It takes a lot of light, but it needs to be diffused. Direct UV rays will burn delicate petals.
  2. In summer, the plant is darkened. This can be done with opaque film or a piece of plastic..
  3. In the fall, darkening is not required, since the intensity of ultraviolet radiation naturally decreases.
  4. Keep track of the length of the light time. The norm for an orchid is 12 hours. If there is more time, the plant gets tired, it does not have enough rest, and if it is less, it cannot mature enough, and artificial lighting needs to be thought out.

13

Advice! For artificial lighting of orchids, it is better to use fluorescent lamps, they are more gentle.

Delicate orchids in plastic pots with decorative lace under artificial lighting

Delicate orchids in plastic pots with decorative lace under artificial lighting

Temperature in the pot and around

Orchids are thermophilic beauties, they come from different places in the jungle, which means they need bliss, and the temperature should be regulated depending on the species. Who said it would be easy? Queen – royal care and honors.

There are three types of orchids:

  1. Heat-loving native to the plains and coastal jungles, and therefore the temperature should be at least 18 ° C. It is also undesirable for the thermometer scale to exceed 32 ° С, and at night it should not fall below 15 ° С.
  2. Withstanding only average temperatures, they grow in the mountainous regions of the tropics, for them a regime of 18 to 22 ° C is acceptable. At night and in winter, their maximum is 12 or 15 ° С.
  3. Cool-loving “girls” from the subtropics. Their optimum is about 22 ° C in summer, and 12-13 ° C at night and in winter..

With the right care of this demanding plant, you will be rewarded with incredibly beautiful blooms.

With the right care of this demanding plant, you will be rewarded with incredibly beautiful blooms.

To summarize, or when you are not sure exactly what type of flower you purchased, it can be noted that the temperature from 19 to 25 ° С during the day and 15-20 ° С at night is comfortable for any orchids..

Caring for orchids in a pot at home also involves adherence to strict watering rules..

How to water

Despite the fact that there are varieties of orchids that love moist soil all the time, most of them prefer moderation and cannot tolerate stagnant water. And if you choose the lesser of two evils, they will better endure a short-term “drought” than a “swamp”. They need an increased amount of moisture only during the flowering period, especially with the ejection of peduncles and active growth. To find out that you need more water is simple: the leaves begin to wrinkle. And the overflow of the orchid signals their yellowing.

If necessary, as the plant grows, the orchid should be periodically transplanted into a pot slightly larger than the previous one. This must be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots.

If necessary, as the plant grows, the orchid should be periodically transplanted into a pot slightly larger than the previous one. This must be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots.

You need to water it with soft water, for example, melted or accumulated rainwater. In extreme cases, simple, but boiled. On average, this should be done three times a week, but not like regular indoor flowers. The orchid should be placed in a container of water for a few minutes without removing it from the pot: that’s when its correct selection is especially important, when the holes play a key role! After the orchid is saturated with moisture, the vessel is placed on the grate to get rid of stagnation, then returned to its place..

Important! In winter, when the temperature is lower and the houses are cooler than usual, the amount of watering is reduced from two to once every seven days..

The watering schedule must be monitored very carefully so as not to harm the plant.

The watering schedule must be monitored very carefully so as not to harm the plant.

DIY orchid pot with self-watering

If you were suddenly presented with an orchid and you do not have a pot at hand, or you are planning to go on a short vacation, but are afraid to leave the “lady” alone at home, you can make a wonderful house for her with your own hands.

We will need 2 most common plastic bottles with different displacement – two and one liter.

Further actions:

  1. Cut off a two-liter bottle, measuring 20 cm from the bottom, take only the lower part.
  2. On the resulting cup, we make 8 cuts of 4 cm depth – this is necessary to form analogue racks.
  3. We bend the cut “petals”, alternating through one. The fold goes inward.
  4. In the cut part with a neck, cut off the neck.
  5. In the lower part of the prepared cup, we make a hole for attaching the spout..
  6. We glue the neck into the hole with waterproof glue. “Drinker” is ready.
  7. Making a pot: cut a liter bottle, measuring 15 cm from the bottom.
  8. From the edge of the upper part, create a bend in a circle outward by 1 cm in order to place the “drinkers” racks in it, which will hold the pot itself.
  9. We drill holes at the bottom, thread strong fabric cords through them, through which moisture will be supplied. The same system will serve as a kind of drainage, letting in a little air. The cord must reach the bottom.
  10. Now we fill up the soil and plant an orchid.
  11. As needed, water will now flow into the substrate.

Advice! If there is not enough air, you can make additional small side holes..

Hothouse spoiled beauties, from whom it is impossible to take your eyes off, gentle princesses – that’s what orchids in a pot are. It is not enough to buy this miracle, you need to learn the intricacies of care and be a very disciplined person. If you choose the right “house” for her, carefully study the information and strictly follow the recommendations of experienced florists, this noble “lady” will tirelessly delight you with her beauty for many years.

Delicate pink orchid in a white pot

Delicate pink orchid in a white pot