Features of growing violets at home – 70 photos

Content

  • Varieties of violets
  • Landing
  • Reproduction
  • Care

Violet will be a wonderful decoration for your home

Violet will be a wonderful decoration for your home

The variety of varieties of violets is simply amazing

The variety of varieties of violets is simply amazing

Perhaps not one flower not so strongly associated with pots on window, like a violet. Scientists distinguish about 16 genera of this plants and about 900 of its types. However, all the variety of currently existing home violets came from a single species – “Saintpaulia Ionantha”, which got its name in honor of Walter Saint-Paul.

Gorgeous pink violet flowers

Gorgeous pink violet flowers

Violet is one of the most common house flowers

Violet is one of the most common house flowers

Varieties of violets

Violets are divided into three categories, depending on where they grow:

  • Wild, or forest violets with small but extremely fragrant flowers;

Spectacular violet

Spectacular violet “Black Magic”

  • Garden violets grown in the open field. They do not take root at home (pansies, for example);

Pansies look contrasting and very beautiful

Pansies look contrasting and very beautiful

Garden varieties of violets, unfortunately, do not take root at home.

Garden varieties of violets, unfortunately, do not take root at home.

  • Indoor violets, or Uzambar violets, which will be discussed in our article.

Indoor violets

Indoor violets

In turn, homemade violets are classified according to different parameters..

The shape of the structure

There are several groups:

  • Hemmed. A border of a different color goes along the edge of the flower, the brightness of which depends on the air temperature. This includes the following varieties: “Jan Minuet”, “Rose of the Arctic”, “Tristan”, “God of the Sun”, “Isolde”, etc..

Violet

Violet “Jan Minuet”

Violet

Violet “Rose of the Arctic”

Variety

Tristan with its stunning curled edges

Advice! If your room is cool, opt for rimmed violets – they will feel great. At high air temperatures, their border, as a rule, disappears..

Spectacular purple violet with white border

Spectacular purple violet with white border

The “Sun God” has very lush buds

  • Fantasy violets delight the eye with many specks and marks of various shapes and colors: “Chameleon”, “Neon Fantasy”, etc..

Fantasy violets look very unusual

Fantasy violets look very unusual

Chic

Chic “Neon Fantasy”

  • Violets-chimera. In the middle of their petals is a strip of a different color. This includes the following varieties: “Queen Sabrina”, “Princess K’ Rei “, etc..

Violet-chimera

Violet-chimera

Violet-chimera

Violet-chimera “Queen Sabrina”

  • Classic Saintpaulias. Most inconspicuous, simple five-leafed violets.

Wonderful classic violets

Wonderful classic violets

Gorgeous purple violets

Gorgeous purple violets

  • Star violets. All five petals of such a flower have the same shape and resemble an asterisk: “Cinnamon Ruffles”.

Star violet

Star-shaped violet “Cinnamon Ruffles”

Violet

Violet “Black Ace”

  • Bells. From the name you can understand what shape the flowers of such a saintpaulia have. This includes “Bells of Ireland” and “Alan`s White Feather”.

Snow white violet

Snow-white violet “Bells of Ireland”

Leaf type

  • Boy – full sheet green. These are the so-called masculine violets..
  • Girl – there is a light spot on the outside of the green leaf. Saintpaulia feminine.

A violet, with proper care, can bloom at any time of the year.

A violet, with proper care, can bloom at any time of the year.

  • Lance – long and pointed leaves.
  • Spoon – leaves curled at the edges.

Violet with Spoon Leaves

Violet with Spoon Leaves

Charming violet with wavy petals

Charming violet with wavy petals

Petals

  • Terry – there are a lot of petals, the flower is voluminous.
  • Semi-double – there are practically no additional petals, the flower is almost flat.

Terry violet

Terry violet “Dolores’ Raspberry Sundae”

Semi-double beautiful blue violet

Semi-double beautiful blue violet

Colour

Violets are different flowers, in addition, in one flower, several shades can appear at once in the form of stripes, spots or borders. For example, the flowers of the varieties “Duchess” and “Isadora” are white and purple. And “Posh Poppy” is generally difficult to classify within one tone. Its flowers are usually described as orange-pink.

Violet

Violet “Duchess”

Bright red

Bright red “Posh Poppy”

White violets. These include the following varieties: “Alpha Centauri”, “Zephyr”, “Alpine”, etc..

Idea! Due to their pure and delicate color, such Saintpaulias are a wonderful gift for a person for whom you have romantic feelings..

Wonderful pale pink variety

Wonderful pale pink grade “Zephyr”

Beautiful white violet with blue edged petals

Beautiful white violet with blue edged petals

Blue Saintpaulias: “Sea Myth”, “Curls of Venus”, “Blue Dragon”.

Advice! To bring an atmosphere of harmony and relieve nervous tension, put a blue violet in bedroom.

Blue violets symbolize harmony and tranquility

Blue violets symbolize harmony and tranquility

Due to its small dimensions, the violet will easily decorate the smallest windowsill without taking up much space.

Due to its small dimensions, the violet will easily decorate the smallest windowsill without taking up much space.

TO red saintpaulias the violet-chimera “Magenta” with semi-double flowers decorated with white stripes belongs. Many of the varieties with red flowers have the word “rose” in their name. For example, violet “Rose of the Arctic”.

Red violet

Red violet “Magenta”

Red violets look very impressive

Red violets look very impressive

Lots of luxurious saintpaulias purple: “Esmeralda”, “Old Pond”, “Fountains of Peterhof”.

“Fountains of Peterhof”

Due to their beauty, violets grow in almost every home.

Due to their beauty, violets grow in almost every home.

Landing

Violets grow well at home if they are provided with a sufficient level Sveta without an overabundance of sunlight, especially midday. Therefore, before planting, you need to decide where the pot will stand..

Violets take root well on the windowsill or next to it, but only on the north side, where the direct rays of the sun get little.

Violets do not like direct rays

Violets do not like direct rays

A small Saintpaulia pot is needed, however, excessive tightness will not be beneficial – the flowers and leaves will begin to shrink. As a rule, they take a plastic container with a height of about 10 cm and approximately the same diameter (10-13 cm).

Usually, a violet is grown from a leaf (we will discuss this in more detail in the next section of the article). It is moved into a permanent pot at the rosette stage, transferring it from the previous container along with an earthen lump. At the same time, a number of requirements are imposed on the soil:

  • Air permeability;
  • Ease;
  • Moisture capacity;
  • High content of trace elements and minerals (potassium, phosphorus);
  • Moderate amount of nitrogen;
  • Acidity in the range of pH 5.5-6.5;
  • No pests in the mixture.

Violet with interesting star-shaped buds

Violet with interesting star-shaped buds

Violets are not capricious enough and do not need special care

Violets are not capricious enough and do not need special care

On a note! Some varieties may have their own preferences, slightly different from those listed. However, in general, the information is correct for all home violets..

Saintpaulias also need good drainage. So, it is necessary to fill almost half of the pot with expanded clay. You can also put a piece of charcoal. The store sells special mixtures for violets, but you can also use a universal soil by adding organic fertilizer (1: 4), a little ash 1.5 g per cm² and a handful of sphagnum moss.

Saintpaulias will become an interior decoration

Saintpaulias will become an interior decoration

Advice! For best results, use this mixture not immediately, but after 10 days..

Another soil option: black soil or leafy soil, peat and sand (5: 3: 1).

Violets are transplanted 1 – 2 times a year. Spring is considered the best time to move the plant. A new pot is selected based on the size of the outlet: the diameter of the container should be 1/3 of it.

Violets are best replanted in spring.

Violets are best replanted in spring.

Violet

Violet “Emergency”

Before transplanting, the soil in the old pot is moistened so that the lump is removed more accurately. The older the plant, the more it is buried in the ground, leaving a very small distance between the surface and the lower leaves..

If the plant begins to wilt, the soil is oxidized or the violet has not been transplanted for more than 2 years, the soil is completely changed.

In terms of temperature, home violets are not particularly whimsical.

In terms of temperature, home violets are not particularly whimsical.

Reproduction

There are several ways to breed violets:

  • Leaf;
  • Shank;
  • Peduncle;
  • Stepson.

Violets can be propagated in a variety of ways.

Violets can be propagated in a variety of ways.

We will not consider all of them, but dwell on the simplest and most frequently used method – the propagation of Saintpaulias by a leaf..

On a note! All varieties of violets can be propagated with a leaf, except for the chimera, which is grown from stepchildren and peduncles..

Decorative pot with violets

Decorative pot with violets

Selection of a healthy leaf

For breeding violets should be taken in the warm season (spring-summer). To select a leaf, examine the rosette of the flower. The leaves grow in rows. We will need material from the second or third row. A leaf will be good for propagation if it:

  • Has a bright color;
  • Has no damage or stains;
  • Keeps its shape well.

Having decided, take a sharp knife or blade and cut the leaf at an angle of 45 °, leaving a stump on the parent tree, about 5 mm. Crush the activated charcoal and treat the remaining stump so that the violet is not injured..

Preparing a violet leaf for planting

Preparing a violet leaf for planting

Rooting a leaf

Next, choose one of two rooting methods: in the ground or in water.

Placing a leaf in water allows you to observe the development of roots, but when planting in the ground, it takes some time to adapt.

Rooting in water is carried out as follows:

  • We collect water in a disposable cup and dissolve an activated carbon tablet in it;
  • Immerse the sheet 1 cm;
  • We put it in a warm place, but not in the sun;
  • After the formation of roots, about 1 cm is transplanted into the soil.

Violet is considered to be one of the most popular indoor plants.

Violet is considered to be one of the most popular indoor plants.

In order for the violet to grow symmetrically, it must be periodically unwrapped.

In order for the violet to grow symmetrically, it must be periodically unwrapped.

When rooting in the ground, we act like this:

  • In the bottom of the disposable glass we make small holes to drain moisture;
  • Pour some styrofoam for drainage;
  • We fall asleep in the ground (recipes above);
  • Root the sheet 1 cm;
  • Water and warm. It is possible under the film;
  • After 1.5 months, new leaves appear.

Violet sprouts with new leaves

Violet sprouts with new leaves

When the leaves reach medium size, the violet can be planted in a pot..

Care

How to care for violets? Let’s take a look at the highlights.

Temperature and air humidity. In winter, the room temperature should be around 18-20 ° C. In summer, it is slightly higher – 20-24 ° C. Violet should be protected from a draft, but ventilate the room in which it is located, taking it to the next room. This will provide the plant with a normal oxygen level. Humidity must be high.

Lovely pink violets

Lovely pink violets

Saintpaulias love good lighting, but cannot stand the bright rays of the sun. They respond well to artificial daylight, being under it for about 15 hours a day.

Water the violet in moderation. The main thing is not to hit the inflorescences. Watering from a pallet that is filled with sand or pebbles works well. A hole is made in the bottom of the pot through which the Saintpaulia receives liquid..

Violet with wavy white-purple petals

Violet with wavy white-purple petals

The violet requires regular feeding. In winter, as a rule, it is fertilized with organic fertilizers once. In the spring and fall, you can use a special violet mixture every two weeks. Such compositions should contain nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus..

Many diseases of violets are explained by a violation of the rules for caring for them:

  • Brown leaves – a reaction to cold water for irrigation;
  • Pale yellow spots on the leaves – burns from direct sunlight;
  • Yellowing – lack of moisture in the soil or air;
  • Petiole elongation – low temperature.

The violet is very popular because of its long flowering, as well as the incredible variety of varieties.

The violet is very popular because of its long flowering, as well as the incredible variety of varieties.

Among the parasites dangerous for Saintpaulia, the cyclamen mite and the mealy worm should be distinguished. They fight them with the help of “Akarin”, “Fitoverma” and “Aktara”.

Features of growing violets at home – video

Features of growing violets at home – photo