DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos)

DIY home furniture restoration (soft, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos)

The restoration of furniture, the photo of the results of which looks so impressive in comparison with the photo “before”, can be carried out at home. You don’t have to hire professionals. Especially if you need to bring in a decent look not an antique chair or an old chest of drawers, but an ordinary table, chair, wardrobe or stool, which are slightly scratched, swollen or peeled in places. Find out what masterpieces can be obtained with such furniture in more detail later in the article.

Content of this article:

The main possible stages of work

The process is creative, liberating, interesting, requires a certain amount of imagination, and also allows you to save money – after all, buying a new chair will cost more than re-painting an old one..

Updated coffee table for the living room

Updated coffee table for the living room

Before undertaking restoration, you need to understand what stages of work in it generally exist.. Some of them are optional, some depend solely on what kind of furniture we are talking about:

Inspection

You cannot do without this stage – on it you need to pull out a piece of furniture that does not suit you into the light, and then with a critical glance estimate what kind of repair it will need. Is it polished? This means that you will need to either update the polish or remove it. Is it not polished? This means that other means will be required, direct work with wood. Do you want to completely transform it? How exactly – to change the color, apply a drawing, age? And, of course – does it have legs that break, boxes that get stuck in grooves, other similar unpleasant things.

Children's room in a classic style

Children’s room in a classic style

Disassembly

Chairs, tables, the rest of the simple items are not needed. But if you are going to restore cupboard, from it you will need to pull out all the boxes, unscrew all the handles, remove all shelves, otherwise the work will not be done at the proper level.

Cleaning

This stage is also indispensable. You need to brush off the dust from the furniture, wipe it with a damp cloth and detergent to degrease and only then start to repair.

Minor repair of things

Work with cracks, chips, other small defects. Often it is enough to make the thing sparkle with new colors. Updating polishing on polished items complements minor repairs, and removing it prepares the item for further metamorphoses, if you are planning to completely change it..

Refurbished white sofa

Refurbished white sofa

Creative rework

This step is not necessary – you may well stop at painting over small cracks or polishing the surface. But if you want a chair, table or wardrobe to start looking in a new way, they can be painted, aged, painted, glued on top of an additional layer of veneer.

Conclusion

The thing must be re-evaluated with a critical eye. Are there any cracks in hard-to-reach places, is it well polished, is fresh paint peeling off it. After that you can use it.

If you do not know what kind of your item needs repair and if you want to change it completely, then you just need more information for thought.

Small renovation

If the item does not shine and its surface is clearly not polished, then it does not need to be polished – it is enough just to use the recommendations for the care of wooden furniture.

New life for the nightstand in the hallway

New life for the nightstand in the hallway

To do this, the thing must be brought to light and evaluated which of the following defects it has.

Loss of gloss

The first possible – the thing has lost its gloss. This happens to a tree just from time to time, from the fact that it stands and gathers dust, from the fact that it is touched by hands.. If the surface looks worn and has lost its original color, you need to:

  • buy a wood care product with orange oil at any hardware store;
  • take a clean sponge, dip it in water and heat it in the microwave for thirty seconds – or steam it, the main thing is that it is almost hot to the touch;
  • spray the product onto the surface with a spray bottle and wipe it with a hot sponge.

Classics are always in fashion

Classics are always in fashion

When working, you should have your hands in gloves, and the sponge, when it starts to cool, needs to be warmed up again..

If the thing is painted – for example, wooden table top – you need to use a different recipe:
  • dilute a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water and wipe the countertop thoroughly;
  • wait until dry and wipe with a dry soft cloth to remove plaque;
  • pour two teaspoons of ammonia into a liter of warm water and wipe the countertop again with this composition.

Refurbished bedside lamp

Refurbished bedside lamp

If the tree is not simple and not painted, but varnished, a third approach is needed:
  • pour a tablespoon of any dish detergent into a liter of warm water and gently wipe the surface to degrease it;
  • wipe it a second time, but with a cloth soaked in plain water;
  • wait until dry and rub with a little vegetable oil.

Instead of vegetable oil, you can use a mixture of linseed oil, turpentine and vinegar. Or butter and beer in equal proportions. Or beer that was previously boiled with a piece of wax of the desired color and cooled to a warm state.

Padding of upholstered furniture can be done independently

Padding of upholstered furniture can be done independently

As a result, the thing will become bright, as if renewed.. Often, these simple recipes are already enough to make the thing look good and no further restoration is required..

Stains and dirt

The second is the presence of stains and dirt. You can approach the question in different ways:

  • Minor scuffs and old faded spots can be rubbed with a banana peel.
  • It is not clear from what simple spots, which cannot be removed with a banana, need to be removed in a different way. First clean the surface with water and detergent, and then wipe with alcohol – not completely, but only the affected areas. If the color is not restored, they can be painted over with a matching furniture marker, or you can try to remember what they are from and reduce them in other ways..

Minor scuffs and faded spots can be rubbed with banana peels

Minor scuffs and faded spots can be rubbed with banana peels

  • Fat and fumes on kitchen cabinets first need to be rubbed with talcum powder so that they grab, and then brush off the resulting dirty powder with a rag. Then dilute two teaspoons of ammonia with a liter of water and wipe.
  • Whitewash and emulsion paint are washed off with a cloth, which has been dipped in a mixture of wine vinegar and olive oil – three drops of the second in a glass of the first.

The main thing is that the cloth is barely damp, and not dripping with the mixture everywhere..

  • White water stains, which remain if you put a wet glass on wooden furniture or spill something, are sprinkled with flour. Then they moisten a cloth with oil – corn, olive, palm or ordinary sunflower – and wipe the surface. Then they rub it again, with velvet.

Grease and fumes on kitchen cabinets need to be rubbed with talcum powder, then shaken off with a rag

Grease and fumes on kitchen cabinets need to be rubbed with talcum powder, then shaken off with a rag

  • White spots from hot, which remain if you put a hot frying pan or saucepan on wooden furniture, are wiped with a heated mixture of paraffin and wax of the desired shade in a ratio of one to one. Then they cover it with a paper napkin folded in several layers and iron it with an iron. The result is polished with felt or other coarse cloth.

If the white spots are weak, do not swell, do not reach deeply, they are removed in a different way. Fall asleep with ordinary table salt, drip a couple of drops of oil and leave for three hours. Then the mixture is removed and rubbed with felt until the stain completely disappears..

Without stains, furniture suddenly begins to look much better – beautiful and updated.

Beautiful, updated furniture

Beautiful, updated furniture

Mechanical damage

The third is the presence of cracks, chips and other mechanical damage. The recipes here are also numerous:

  • If the furniture is varnished and small cracks have appeared on it from time to time, a mixture of ethyl alcohol with burdock oil in a one-to-one ratio will help. Apply with a white cloth, preferably flannel. Rubbed with felt.
  • If there is a deep scratch on the lacquered furniture from an unsuccessful mechanical effect, you can paint over it with an ordinary furniture marker or iodine – to achieve the desired shade, it can be diluted with water.
  • If there is a scratch on the lacquered furniture that has already turned white, you can use a shoe cream of a suitable color or a mixture of mastic and wax in a ratio of four to three. The result must be polished.

Stylish, leather sofa

Stylish, leather sofa

  • If there is a chip on the furniture, then you will have to use a putty, and preferably a special furniture one. It is better to buy a light tone, to achieve the desired color with a tint. Then apply on the chip, spread so that it is completely closed, and the putty spreads evenly over the surface. Wait until it dries up and rub with fine grain sandpaper.
  • If the furniture is swollen from moisture – not completely, but only in one place – it is covered with salt with a couple of drops of vegetable oil. The salt will absorb the water, and the oil will restore flexibility to the tree. Again, wipe the result with a cloth.

All these simple manipulations are often quite enough for the furniture to start looking good and no further restoration is needed..

But if you want the thing to look not just updated, but in a completely new way, you can process it additionally.

Cabinet in modern style

Cabinet in modern style

Cabinet in modern style

Removing the polish

A layer of varnish is not always needed on furniture, since you will not be able to carry out any additional manipulations with it if there is varnish on it. No paint, no age, no mosaic.

Therefore, if simple cleaning is not enough for you, you can use one of the proven nail polish removal methods:
  • Turpentine, ammonia or denatured alcohol. Dip a layer of thin metal wool into the solution and carefully wipe the surface from which you need to remove the varnish. If it is not too old and not too eaten into the wood, then it will move away.

DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos) DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos) DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos)

DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos) DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos)

  • Acetone. Suitable for removing varnish from a horizontal surface. You need to dip a rag in acetone, spread it over the piece of furniture from which the varnish is removed, and cover it with polyethylene on top. After half an hour, the varnish will go away and become much more pliable. It will be possible to remove it using a conventional spatula..
  • Specialized formulations. Available from any hardware store. Before use, be sure to read the instructions – if you overexpose the composition, then it will be absorbed into the wood and it will not be possible not only to varnish it a second time, but even to apply at least something to it.
  • Sandpaper. If the polish is old, stubborn, no means will soften it. The only way is to remove it with your hands, using sandpaper. First you need to rub with a piece with a large grain, until a layer of wood appears. Then you need to take a piece with a fine grain and polish so that you get an even, homogeneous surface. If you have a sander, you can use it – then it will take not a few hours to clean the varnish, but about half an hour.

Use the most appropriate restoration techniques

Use the most appropriate restoration techniques

  • Glass. Alternative to sandpaper. A sharp shard is needed, the edge of which can be used to remove the varnish with thin shavings. When there are depressions, cracks and other small defects, they can be cleaned with a sharp edge. When the main layer is removed, you can use fine sandpaper to remove the remains.
The paint is removed exactly according to the same principle and the effect after its removal remains the same – a flat wooden surface that is ready to absorb any coating that you decide to apply on it.

AdviceWhen you do nail polish removal, do it in a separate room, removing all other furniture and opening the window. This makes it easier to clean up falling chips and makes breathing easier..

Children's room with a pirate theme

Children’s room with a pirate theme

Furniture processing methods

Coloration

This idea – to repaint a piece of furniture that is tired – comes to mind to everyone who one day decides to do restoration at home. And this is logical, because painting a chair is much easier than painting it or doing decoupage.

Wooden hallway

Wooden hallway

There are several types of paint that can be used:
  • Acrylic. Dries quickly, looks beautiful, very resistant, gives a bright color. It can be diluted with water if you need to get a different shade, and it also does not have a strong unpleasant odor – it is enough to ventilate the room after use. In addition, there are spray cans of acrylic paints. They provide even spray, make it easier to reach areas that are difficult to reach with the brush, and often add fun to the painting..
  • Enamel. Gives a bright glossy color, like acrylic, it lasts no worse, but at the same time it has a specific pungent odor that does not disappear for several days.
  • Oil. Gives a matte color, is not washed off or diluted with water. Usually used when you need a base for painting.

Black and white wall in the living room

Black and white wall in the living room

  • Nitro, glyphthalic and pentaphthalic paints. They give a bright, glossy, very long-lasting color. Unlike acrylic, oil and enamels do not just form a layer on the surface, but penetrate into the fibers. Until they are soaked to a certain depth, the color will be faded, but as soon as the impregnation is over, it will be impossible to remove the paint, only with a layer of wood. As a result, they are used for furniture that will be used in difficult conditions – for example, to paint a table for a summer residence with them, which stands on the street from spring to autumn, this is a good idea..
  • Stain. A translucent paint that enhances the structure of the wood. It comes in a variety of colors, but still does not look completely natural. Forms a layer that can be removed with sandpaper if necessary.
  • Injury. Not a paint in the full sense of the word – a special agent that penetrates the wood fibers and, interacting with natural tannins, provides a deep natural color. Cannot be removed with sandpaper, not suitable for every wood.

Before applying, you need to try on a small area not in a prominent place – the presence of tannins depends on how old the tree is.

Dining area in classic style

Dining area in classic style

AdviceChoose a paint depending on what effect you want to achieve.

Before directly applying the paint, it is imperative to prime the wood so that it is more resistant to moisture, and the laid layer does not come off after a couple of months.

You should choose a color, focusing simultaneously on your own tastes and on the properties of the interior:
  • Natural. A real tree looks beautiful and noble – these are its main advantages. In classic styles, no painted table, no painted chest of drawers will look as good as the same table and chest of drawers, but impregnated with stain.

Interior in loft design

Interior in loft design

  • Light warm shades. Fits into interiors with the same light warm shades. They bring a sense of coziness and warmth, but make the room feel slightly smaller. The furniture in them is well suited for Provence, for example.
  • Light cold shades. They fit into the same cold interiors, make the room visually larger, but at the same time colder and stricter. The furniture in them is well suited for minimalism, for Scandinavian style.
  • Dark warm shades. They go well with each other – furniture in them can become just a magnificent bright accent in a room, especially if you paint it not in one color, but in several, combining them. But it can, again, make the room smaller. Good for kitsch and rustic styles.
  • Dark cold shades. Austere, making the room feel cool, they look good in rooms where you plan to do business – but in bedroom will look somewhat alien.

Modern style

Modern style

Light shades get dirty easier, dark ones show mechanical damage.

Please also bear in mind that you can paint furniture in more than one color:
  • Solid color furniture. It looks simple and homogeneous, it is perceived as a single array. Well suited for conservative interiors where there should be no accent on it – or it can act as the only bright spot.
  • Furniture in two colors. Two colors in one thing is more interesting. They should be either matching, best of all, shades, or contrasting. You can paint a thing with stripes, you can use polka dots – these are solutions either for a creative interior, or for a nursery – or you can simply highlight the accessories with an auxiliary color and it will also look good.

White is difficult to clean

White is difficult to clean

  • Furniture in three colors. Already more difficult, although also interesting. All colors should be either matching, or shades of each other, or contrasting. Most often, a combination of three is used when something colorful is being done in the nursery, or when the object is so large that all three colors have where to combine well.
  • Four or more colors – this is no longer so much a color as a painting, and it is usually approached with different criteria.

AdviceThe thing should be combined either with the main color of the interior, or with its auxiliary color, or act as the main bright contrast. By itself, it should not be – it looks unnatural.

High-tech style in the bedroom

High-tech style in the bedroom

Painting and decoupage

Painting – in fact, the same coloring, only requiring a little more skill. Usually used for it:

  • Gouache. Standard paint for painting on anything, right down to a sheet of paper. On the tree, it does not give a clear bright color, therefore it is usually painted with either stain or oil paint. Does not require dilution with water, allows you to perfectly imitate Russian crafts of past centuries.
  • Oil. The same paint that can be used to paint the base is also suitable for drawing the pattern. Gives a matte, beautiful, crisp color.
  • Aniline. They are usually used for dyeing fabrics, but in order to dye wood, they are also suitable.

Everything within the power

Everything within the power

The drawing on the tree can be anything.

For example, imitation of Russian folk crafts is very popular:

  • Mezensky. One of the oldest crafts, which originated a long time ago near the Mezen River. Combines only two colors – black and Red with a bias in ocher. His elements are simple: crosses, dashes, leaves, circles. Sometimes there are figurines of deer, horses and birds, very simple and consisting of only a few geometric shapes. Ornaments are static, they can be depicted even by a person who does not know how to draw.
  • Gorodetsky. The middle of the nineteenth century, already more complicated than the Mezen. Colors are varied, usually light tones, all drawings have white or black outlines. Not the simplest: flowers, leaves, genre scenes with people who are celebrating, walking, gathered at a samovar, sometimes lush-tailed roosters, horses, lions or leopards, most often – opposite each other.

Floral interior

Floral interior

  • Zhostovsky. Mid-nineteenth century, the city of Zhostovo. Most often used for
  • painting trays, but no one bothers you to paint the same chair. The background is black or red, the main motive is a bouquet of flowers, made in a realistic style. Sometimes fruit complements it..
  • Khokholoma. Seventeenth century, Novgorod. Background – black, colors – green, red and gold. Khokhloma does not accept other colors. The main motive is strawberries or strawberries framed by intricate leaves. Sometimes you can see birds, but this is rare..
  • Gzhel. It is usually used for painting dishes, but also found in furniture. The background is white, the main color is blue, sometimes it is supplemented with black or white outline. The patterns are usually simple – crosses, squares, flowers with large petals. Sometimes you can see a bird that looks like a heron or a crane..

Stylish loft room

Stylish loft room

Furniture painted for folk crafts fits perfectly into the Russian style – better than any other. Also suitable for children’s, in which you can show your imagination and combine things at will, and not according to the canons of style.

Also, the painting can be:
  • Geometric pattern. It is much easier to depict it than a folk one, even a person who has never drawn can cope. You can pre-draw the markup and draw on it.
  • Plant pattern. Common, fits into most ethnic styles.
  • Plot scene. Good for a children’s room, where a scene from a favorite cartoon depicted on the wardrobe can delight the kid.

Conversion for an armchair

Conversion for an armchair

The image can be anything, depending on your imagination. The main thing is to act carefully, and first try on a small board, so that you are fully confident in your abilities..

Decoupage gives an effect similar to the effect of painting – a thin napkin with an interesting image is glued to the tree. It can be flowers, birds, angels – anything, in fact, as long as you like it.

The technology is simple:
  • clean and degrease the surface;
  • get out a napkin and carefully coat it with a layer of PVA glue;
  • lay on the surface so that no wrinkles remain, smooth out thoroughly.

AdviceBoth painting and decoupage need to be covered with a layer of varnish on top, otherwise the patterns will quickly be erased.

Creative sofa solution

Creative sofa solution

Any colorless furniture varnish will do – to make sure that everything is in order with it and the drawing does not deteriorate, you can try how it will dry on some unnecessary board.

other methods

In addition to the simplest and most obvious methods of restoration, there are other, less familiar ones..

Among them:

ScotchAs odd as it sounds, regular colored tape can help you update a boring piece of furniture. If you take several rolls of different colors, you can make it striped by simply gluing tape on it in strips – first one color, then another. You can also make it homogeneous. Of course, the result will not look good in expensive classic interiors, but in modern, democratic interiors, it is quite.

Bedroom in pastel colors

Bedroom in pastel colors

VeneeringA method that is somewhat similar to decoupage and gluing with tape. You need to buy a veneer sheet of the color you like, cut out parts of suitable sizes from it and, using PVA glue, glue it to the thing.

As a result, it will look smooth and similar to a real tree, only without all its inherent flaws..

InlayYou can buy a veneer sheet, but instead of just taking and sticking it on an item, cut it into small pieces and put a picture out of them. The result will be something like a mosaic – multi-colored if the pieces are painted over with different colors. When they are ready, you will need to take a sheet of paper and stick them on it in a mirror image compared to the picture you want to get. Then the sheet is glued with PVA glue to the right place, and the paper is carefully peeled off with emery. The result is very effective..

WaxingIf the wood is rubbed with soft wax, it will acquire a pleasant matte shade, inherent in old, beautiful things. The only negative is that you will have to repeat the operation regularly, otherwise the wax will be erased and the thing will start to look shabby.

Dark brown, corner sofa

Dark brown, corner sofa

CraquelureOne of two ways to age furniture beautifully. In fact, this is a special paint, which, after being applied to a layer of the previous, still wet, paint, shrinks, resulting in small cracks. The result looks quite impressive.

Furniture patinaFirst, paint is applied to the wood in a metallic color – usually a bronze finish – and wait until it dries. Then they begin to apply a patina – a drop in the bulge, shade it roughly, and then shade it towards the bulge. If the surface is even, apply the paint first on the edges..

Usually patina requires several layers to start to look truly antique..

AdvicePerform all work with gloves – this will help not to damage the skin on your hands. Working with paints, with caustic substances for nail polish remover, with the varnish itself is best done in a respirator – the ingress of their smallest particles into the lungs is very harmful to health.

DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos) DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos) DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos)

DIY home furniture restoration (upholstered, kitchen, wooden): Before and After (150+ Photos)

VIDEO: DIY decor

conclusions

There are many recipes that teach you how to deal with furniture stains, cracks, and tarnished varnish. There are no less recipes that show how you can completely change the appearance of a product.