Thuja: planting and care – green pyramids of hedges and shady alleys in our garden

Content

  • Views
  • The nuances of care
  • Landing
  • Watering
  • Make-up
  • Reproduction
  • Pruning
  • Thuja diseases

An evergreen tree with soft needles and a spicy aroma – thuja occupies one of the leading positions in landscape design. Picturesque rows of emerald pyramids transform both London parks and Central Russian gardens. A native of North America and the Eastern regions of Asia, thuja has taken root on European soil. However, not all of its species have adapted to the climate of northern latitudes..

Evergreen thuja in landscape design

Evergreen thuja in landscape design

Thuja “wall” in the backyard

Fluffy little thuja

Fluffy little thuja

Designer pruning of a thuja tree

Designer pruning of a thuja tree

Some varieties of thuja can turn slightly yellow in autumn.

Some varieties of thuja can turn slightly yellow in autumn.

Views

In the Cypress family, thuja is represented by 5 species, three of which grow in North America, and two in East Asia. Of these, only one, western thuja (Thuja occidentalis), was able to become a full-fledged representative of the flora of the northern latitudes. All varieties of thuja used in landscaping Russian cities belong to this species, differing only in the shape of the crown, shades of needles and height. With this in mind, we have prepared for you a description of the species and varieties of western thuja, which are more often found in decorative plantings..

Some of the most popular varieties include: Brabant, Smaragd, Columna, Sunkist, Wagneri and Danica.

Thuja Brabant reaches a height of 5 meters, the crown of the tree gives a width of 1.5 meters. Needles expressed green, in winter it turns a little brown. Prefers fertile, moist, resistant to frost up to 35 degrees and has a high increase in growth (it can grow by 30-35 cm per year).

Thuja Brabant grows up to 5 meters in height

Thuja Brabant grows up to 5 meters in height

Slender thuja western Emerald loved by many gardeners and designers. It retains the bright green color of the needles in winter. The height of the tree varies from 3 to 5 meters, the crown is formed into a dense pyramid. It grows slowly, lives for a long time (up to 150 years), so it can often be found in the landscape of ancient parks. It is represented by several varieties: Variegata, used in tapeworms, and Golden, which prefers suburban areas and hardly takes root in smoky cities.

Thuja Smaragd has the shape of a pyramid

Thuja Smaragd has the shape of a pyramid

Thuja Columna has a columnar crown and is ideal for the formation of hedges. It grows up to 7 meters and pleases the eye with dark green needles in all seasons.

Thuja Columna ideal for creating a hedge

Thuja Columna ideal for creating a hedge

Sunkistbush thuja, with a dense crown, the conical shape of which is artistically disturbed by the slight disheveledness of the branches. Growth is slow, and an adult tree does not grow more than 5 meters. Reacts poorly to drought and quickly loses its visual appeal.

Thuja Sunkist - small fluffy bush

Thuja Sunkist – small fluffy bush

Thuja Wagneri forms an ovoid crown and is used with pleasure by designers for specimen plantings. The unusual shape and pleasant, matte green color of the needles attract the attention of many amateur gardeners to the tree..

The crown of the thuja Wagneri has an ovoid shape

The crown of the thuja Wagneri has an ovoid shape

Danica Is a dwarf plant form, representing a spherical bush no more than 80 cm high and with a crown diameter of 1 m.Looks great in curbs and is often used as a central object on flower beds.

Dwarf thuja Danica has a spherical shape

Dwarf thuja Danica has a spherical shape

The nuances of care

Thuja can be attributed to unpretentious plants, but this does not mean that stick a branch in the sand, it will bloom. Planting and caring for thuja includes several important points, without which it is impossible to achieve a positive response from a tree in the form of a dense crown and bright green needles.

Thuja is a rather unpretentious tree

Thuja is a rather unpretentious tree

Landing

Lover of the sun Sveta, thuja suffers from constant darkening, but tolerates weak partial shade well. To plant thuja in a hedge, it is necessary to maintain a distance between seedlings of 2 meters. If you plan to create an alley, then distribute the trees 4 meters apart.

Tuya likes being in direct sunlight

Tuya likes being in direct sunlight

A hole for the thuja is dug to a depth of 60-70 cm and with a diameter of about one meter. A nutrient mixture of sod land, humus, peat and sand is placed on its bottom. Then the root ball is installed, the root collar should be at the same level with the soil.

Advice! It is useful to feed the seedling after planting with the “Epin” growth regulator at the rate of 1 ampoule per five liters of water.

Thuja tree needs to be fed periodically

Thuja tree needs to be fed periodically

Watering

After planting a seedling, it should be watered once a week, pouring 10 liters of water under each tree. If the weather is dry and warm, the dose is increased to 20 liters for each plant. An adult thuja is watered once a month and resorted to spraying the crown in hot summer. This is due to the peculiarity of the needles of the plant to evaporate a large amount of moisture..

It is enough to water an adult thuja once a month.

It is enough to water an adult thuja once a month.

Make-up

Any thuja in the spring requires feeding with complex fertilizers, with mineral and organic components. It is imperative to mulch the soil, since wood superficial root system.

In the spring, the thuja tree must be fertilized

In the spring, the thuja tree must be fertilized

Reproduction

For reproduction of thuja, seeds and cuttings are used. If you are picking seeds, prepare for a long wait. A tree suitable for planting in open ground will be formed by the age of five. The seeds themselves are taken from the cones collected in the fall. Place the buds in a warm place and wait until they open. The prepared material is sown in moist soil, covered with coniferous spruce branches and covered with shields from the sun.

For reproduction of thuja, seeds and cuttings are used.

For reproduction of thuja, seeds and cuttings are used.

When grafting, thuja care begins with a greenhouse device, where young shoots are planted. Room humidity should be 70%. In addition, it is necessary to provide free access to light. To prevent the planted cuttings from rotting, the greenhouse is periodically ventilated. For reproduction, choose 50-70 centimeter side shoots. River sand, peat and sod land are added to the soil in equal proportions.

Important! Please note that from the seeds you will receive only the type of thuja, all the decorative properties inherent in the adult individual from which the seeds were taken, young plants will lose. However, they are more hardy than plants grown from cuttings..

Thuja grown from seed, more hardy than thuja grown from cuttings

Thuja grown from seed, more hardy than thuja grown from cuttings

Pruning

Thuja is a priori excellent material for cropping and forming artistic images. She perfectly tolerates any fantasies of designers and easily accepts growth conditions. A spiral, a cone ball, a column are traditional images for thuja, but skilled gardeners give the tree the most diverse, sometimes even fantastic outlines. In some parks you can find walking elephants, jumping hares and frogs, funny little people and cute poodles carved from the crown of a thuja.

Thuja, cut for hedges and in the form of balls

Thuja, cut for hedges and in the form of balls

Spiral Creative Thuja Pruning

Spiral Creative Thuja Pruning

Thuja diseases

Testing for thuja diseases begins in early spring. If new shoots of the tree turn brown, they should be removed immediately, as this is an obvious sign of a fungal infection. The remaining healthy plants are sprayed with 2% diluted “Fundazol” throughout the summer and until October.

A healthy well-groomed thuja will decorate your yard

A healthy well-groomed thuja will decorate your yard

Another enemy of the thuja is a false shield that affects the trunk with small yellow ulcers. You can remove it with the help of Karbofos or Actellic, which also help in the fight against aphids..

Important! Thuja will signal you about poor care with a yellowed top and falling foliage. Consider all our recommendations, and then your pyramidal beauty will always be healthy.

Thuja goes well with other plants

Thuja goes well with other plants

Spherical cut thuja

Spherical cut thuja

Tuya – video:

Tuya – photo: