DIY chicken coop (80+ ideas for building): choice of design and materials

In the landscape design of your personal plot, attention should be paid to the chicken coop.

In the landscape design of the personal plot, attention should be paid to the chicken coop.

Experienced owners of country residences know that making a chicken coop with their own hands is not very difficult, and the benefits of comfortably keeping chickens on the site are enormous: these are eggs, fertilizer, and meat (when keeping broilers). Before building a chicken coop, you need to determine what rules exist for the comfortable keeping of birds, as well as familiarize yourself with the experience of other poultry farmers..

Quality small chicken coop on steel supports

Quality small chicken coop on steel supports

Chicken coop

Walk-in chicken coop (growth, which you can enter)

Beautiful chicken coop, decorated in gentle colors

Beautiful chicken coop, decorated in gentle colors

Chicken coop without a foundation, installed on posts on a sloping site

Chicken coop without a foundation, installed on posts on a sloping site

Do-it-yourself summer chicken coop and rules for keeping chickens

Layers will be very productive if properly managed

Layers will be very productive if properly managed.

In order for the hens to feel comfortable and, accordingly, to produce more eggs, it is necessary to provide them with favorable conditions. Good chicken coops must obey the following requirements:

  • The size of the chicken coop is determined based on the number of chickens living in it. The most favorable option would be when 1 sq. m area will have 1-2 adult chickens.
  • It is necessary to correctly choose the place of the future habitat of chickens. The chicken coop must be built on a hill so that after the rain the water does not flood it. It is also important to orient the construction of the chicken coop to the cardinal points. An elongated rectangular chicken coop is best oriented from east to west, while the windows are located on the south side. This will save on heating and lighting in winter..

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Advice! Do not forget that in summer, the southern windows should be shaded, since bright sunlight and too high air temperature do not contribute to high egg production.

Coop with space for summer flower pots

Coop with space for summer flower pots

Well positioned chicken coop, protected from predators and with a convenient cover for the nest box

Well positioned chicken coop, protected from predators, with a convenient cover for the nest box

Small stylish chicken coop with a flower bed on the roof

Small stylish chicken coop with a flower bed on the roof

  • In order for the birds to be more in motion, it is necessary, in addition to the chicken coop, to provide a place for walking.
  • Chickens should be protected from rodents and predators, so it is worth placing the chicken coop on a concrete foundation, and enclose the place for walking the bird with a metal mesh, burying it in the ground by 25-30 cm.In case you plan to build a chicken coop for quails with your own hands, everything concerning chicken rules and recommendations remain valid.

Snow-white country-style chicken coop

Snow-white country-style chicken coop

Don't forget about protection from predators and rodents. From them, the chickens will be saved by a grid dug into the ground or the presence of a foundation

Don’t forget about protection from predators and rodents. From them, the chickens will be saved by a grid dug into the ground or the presence of a foundation

Large, slightly shaded, hen house extension to the house

Large, slightly shaded chicken coop – an extension to the house

The concrete foundation for a stationary chicken coop can be taken care of at the same time as creating garden paths on your site.

A concrete foundation for a stationary chicken coop can be taken care of along with the creation of garden paths on the site

  • Birds need warmth, so building a chicken coop with your own hands for the winter is already at the end of summer or the first weeks of autumn. If a winter chicken coop is planned, it must be additionally insulated or use electric heaters, and the wires and the devices themselves should not be in the reach of chickens.
  • For chickens to fly, they need 15-17 hours of daylight, which in winter is unattainable in natural conditions. It is important to provide lighting in the hen house, and in order to avoid problems, it is better to place the lamps in thick-walled glass shades.

You can buy special lamps for heating and lighting chicken coops, terrariums and rabbit cages.

You can buy special lamps for heating and lighting chicken coops, terrariums and rabbit cages.

Example of UV lamp location

Example of UV lamp location

  • Ventilation is necessary to ensure a comfortable environment in the chicken coop. Its system can be organized in different ways depending on the specific room and climatic conditions. Sometimes a natural ventilation system is enough, but more often you cannot do without a forced.

Do-it-yourself chicken coop from scrap materials: possible designs

Among people who own suburban farms, different variants of chicken coops are common. It can be the simplest-looking shed, a do-it-yourself hen house made of pallets or a hen house made of foam blocks, providing all the conditions for keeping birds, as well as a real five-star “hotel” for birds, which also fits well into the countryside. Chickens, of course, do not care about the beauty of their home, but the owners are always pleased with the luxurious mansions of pets.

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DIY mobile chicken coop

When planning drawings of chicken coops, it is worth considering how many chickens and how long they will be kept:

  • If you need a seasonal chicken coop (only for the summer), you can do with simple structures without insulation, but with sufficient walking. Mobile and transportable chicken coops are often equipped with wheels and are designed in the form of a wheelbarrow or trailer. This allows you to regularly move the chicken coop so that the chickens eat pasture. Simpler designs can have a cross-section in the form of a triangle or a semicircle with convenient handles for moving. Sophisticated mobile chicken coops are made in the form of real multi-tiered castles.
  • If you do not plan to devote a lot of time to your farm, you should pay attention to the automatic do-it-yourself chicken coop. It is easy to care for and will save you time for other household chores.

Mobile chicken coop on wheels

Mobile chicken coop on wheels

Mobile collapsible chicken coop with a gable roof

Mobile collapsible chicken coop with a gable roof

For your personal plot, you can pick up a ready-made portable chicken coop - they are designed for the greatest versatility, and taking into account the aesthetic component

For a personal plot, you can also pick up a ready-made portable chicken coop – they are designed for the greatest versatility and taking into account the aesthetic component

  • If the chickens are kept all year round, it is necessary to provide for all the little things related to insulation, competent lighting and ventilation. In this case, you can easily purchase a ready-made structure or build an all-season chicken coop with your own hands. A stationary chicken coop (it is not difficult to create an ordinary summer frame chicken coop with your own hands, but it is more problematic to build an insulated chicken coop with your own hands) – this is most often a standard building with warm sheathing on a site with sufficient free adjacent territory for organizing walking.

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We build a modern chicken coop with our own hands: the materials used

When building a chicken coop, you need to plan in advance what the main elements of the structure will be made of. It is quite easy to make a wooden chicken coop in the country and a chicken coop from a bar with your own hands, and the bar is taken with a section of 100 x 150 mm. It is financially beneficial and does not require special carpenter skills..

Wood is the most common material for building a chicken coop.

Wood is the most common material for building a chicken coop.

Stone hen house option

Stone hen house option

Do-it-yourself ventilation in the chicken coop

  1. The foundation will be the first in the construction of any chicken coop. They dig out the ground 30-50 cm, then put reinforcement, steel wire there and pour concrete. You can act more rationally and make a columnar foundation (the chicken coop will be on several columns). The posts are made of bricks and cement. This option is more reasonable, since this creates the necessary ventilation for the floor, which prevents it from rotting..

    Making a columnar foundation

    Making a columnar foundation

  2. After the foundation, a chicken coop frame is provided from a bar. Although any materials are suitable for the walls (for an advanced owner to build a brick chicken coop with their own hands or a construction of foam blocks, cinder blocks, as well as a chicken coop on piles with their own hands, it is unlikely to be difficult), however, wood is rightfully considered the most profitable material. Before erecting the walls, it is worth isolating the frame from the foundation with several layers of roofing material. The first row of timber is connected using the “half-tree” technology. Then the floor logs are laid (if an earthen floor is not assumed). The next layers of the timber can be joined using the “thorn-groove” method. The walls are made either entirely of timber, or the frame is sheathed with boards. The height of the walls should reach 1.8-2 m.A variety of materials are used as insulation: mineral wool, felt, foam, etc.. Scheme of convenient placement of the functional parts of the chicken coop

    Scheme of convenient placement of the functional parts of the chicken coop

    Diy wooden hen house plan with a pitched roof

    Diy wooden chicken coop plan with a pitched roof

    An approximate plan of a chicken coop for 10-15 chickens

    An approximate plan of a chicken coop for 10-15 chickens

    Chicken coop plan with vestibule

    Chicken coop plan with vestibule

    Advice! To avoid heat loss and free access of cold air inside the hen house, it is worth mounting a small vestibule – an extension in front of the entrance.

  3. The floor in the chicken coop is different: wood, earthen, concrete, etc. The most optimal is a tree, although there are supporters of an earthen floor. Wooden flooring retains heat better in winter, and if you arrange a double floor (the lower tier is an unedged board, the upper one is grooved), then you can forget about freezing and blowing the floor in the chicken coop. In the form of additional insulation, sawdust, straw or moss peat are used. This contributes not only to insulation, but also moisture retention, as well as some absorption of unpleasant odors.. Floor insulation

    Floor insulation

    Advice! It is better to make the floor slightly sloped to make it easier to clean in the chicken coop..

  4. Then they begin to build the roof: they fix the ceiling beams, install the rafters. At this stage, it is important to consider ventilation. The optimal roof structure is gable, since the equipped attic will not only be an excellent place to store equipment and various feed, but will also prevent cold air from entering the chicken coop. A variety of materials are used for the roof: roofing material, tiles, slate, etc. For insulation, you can use the same material as for walls, as well as expanded clay and coal slag.

    Styrofoam will serve as an excellent insulation for your chicken coop

    Styrofoam will serve as an excellent insulation for the chicken coop

  5. It is not at all difficult to organize a pen for walking near the hen house. At the corners of the supposed perimeter of the corral, posts with a height of 1.5-2 m are placed. These posts are covered with a net or upholstered with boards, and they are “sunk” into the ground by 25-30 cm to protect them from rodents. So that the chickens can stay there in any weather, you can make a small canopy over at least part of the corral..

DIY mini chicken coop inside

A do-it-yourself chicken coop is a good option: the floor is raised and protects the chickens from the night cold, and this also makes manipulating the chicken coop more convenient

A good option: the floor is raised and protects the chickens from the night cold, and also gives comfort in the maintenance of the chicken coop

The internal arrangement of the chicken coop involves the organization of several zones for birds:

  • Roosts are the place for chickens to sleep. They can be made with your own hands from bars with a cross section of 50 x 50 mm. The edges of the perches should be rounded so that the chickens do not have problems with their legs. Each hen should have about 20 cm of perch. It is better to place all the perches at the same height so that the higher sitting chickens do not stain the lower ones..

Chicken roosts should be rounded

Chicken roosts should be rounded

  • The number of nests in a hen house is determined by the number of chickens, based on the formula “for three hens, one nest.” It is better to make nests in the form of boxes without a front or top wall..

Beautiful nests for chickens

Beautiful nests for chickens

  • The feeding area in the chicken coop should be the most illuminated. Drinking bowls and feeders are best placed at a certain elevation from the floor so that chickens do not step on them and do not get droppings. If you plan to build a chicken coop for broilers with your own hands (photo in the gallery below), then the place for the feeder should be allocated about 1.5 times more.

Mobile mobile chicken feeder

Mobile mobile chicken feeder