The many-sided and unusually beautiful clematis are the long-standing love of many gardeners.
A mass of bright large flowers, shaded with luscious greenery, sheltering buildings with an avalanche – this is how clematis look during the flowering period. These ornamental plants have appeared relatively recently on the house plots. But they managed to win the favor of flower growers with their unpretentiousness and excellent external data..
Pink clematis decorate the arch, and can also be a great idea for wall design.
Clematis bloom in spring or early summer and remain strewn with flowers until autumn. After the end of flowering, very decorative clematis seeds are formed on the bushes – they continue to decorate the plantings until winter.
The wall of the house is decorated with white curly clematis
Being a native of the subtropics and tropics, clematis has fully adapted to the climate of the middle zone, which allows it to be grown in the open field. For comfortable growth, it needs sun, moisture and a place protected from the wind. Therefore, it can be planted along the walls, maintaining a distance of about half a meter from them and protecting it from the water pouring from the roof. In autumn, dried up ground parts of plants are cut off, stiff shoots are left to winter open and only the root system is covered, protecting it from frost.
Gorgeous blue clematis wrap around the street light add sophistication to the courtyard design
A wide variety of species and varieties makes clematis very popular in the country. They can be used to decorate the site – grassy forms look very decorative on a green lawn or near a pond. Semi-shrubs will hide behind terraces, curbs or low fences. Liana varieties can completely braid gazebos, building walls or fences, giving them a fabulous look. Pergolas, mesh or openwork elements of buildings can be used as a support for clematis of weaving species..
Bright roses and clematis will decorate your garden
Advice! When growing on a support, carefully monitor whether the plant has time to gain a foothold on it. To prevent a large mass of greenery and flowers from collapsing, it should be additionally tied up.
Clematis varieties are striking in their diversity – more than 2000 colors and flower shapes are collected today in the species catalog. Among them there are modest corollas with a simple structure, and terry specimens, and unique decorative flowers of unique colors and appearance. Many varieties exude a pleasant aroma that attracts not only insects, but also delights people..
Clematis look incredibly impressive in spring
The most famous and best varieties of clematis are distributed around the world, and among them:
Clematis Mountain pink is a vigorous liana that blooms profusely in warm climates, giving simple white-pink flowers in May-June on the shoots of last year.
Clematis Mountain pink, rapidly conquers high fences near the house
Clematis Ville de Lyon is an old variety with a 3-meter liana and large flowers of carmine-red color darkening to the edges and yellow “spiders”. Blooming from June to September on the shoots of the current year.
Clematis Ville de Lyon is the most beautiful and cold-resistant variety
Clematis Multi blue is a medium-pruned vine of 2 meters in height with purple-blue double flowers, open from May to August.
Clematis Multi Blue is especially good for growing in small gardens
Clematis Rouge cardinal – a 2-meter, fully pruned vine with large purple flowers blooming profusely from May to August.
Clematis Rouge cardinal is a compact plant that blooms profusely and for a long time
Having chosen the variety you like, specify:
- What type of root system does the plant have – fibrous roots spread along the soil surface, so the bush should be planted away from possible obstacles – a foundation, a curb or a paved area.
Clematis with pale pink flowers covered decorative lamp
- On the shoots of which year flowers develop – among florists there is such a concept as clematis pruning groups, which determines the degree of removal of shoots before wintering. If flowering occurs on last year’s shoots (group A), when pruning, they must be left, removed from the support and covered with spruce branches. For the formation of annual peduncles (group C), it is enough to leave 15-20 cm of a shoot with several buds. In the intermediate group B – plants whose flowers bloom in the spring on last year’s shoots, and in August the shoots of the current year bloom. Such lashes are cut to one and a half meters and laid for the winter under a warming layer..
The place of planting clematis should be chosen so that water does not drain from the roof to the roots of the plant
- How long does the flowering last in general – this will allow you to realize the “flower conveyor” – continuous flowering of different varieties from early spring to late autumn.
Clematis seedlings can be bought ready-made in nurseries or from amateur breeders. Such plants already have a developed root system and your task is only to choose the right place for them, as well as to carry out regular care..
Clematis is a plant that can replace an entire garden
A pit for planting is prepared with a size of 60×60 cm, a depth of about 50 cm. It is filled with fertile soil or a mixture of humus and sand. At the bottom, a cone is formed from the soil, on which the roots of the seedling are straightened. Sprinkle them in such a way that the stalk is buried above the neck. This will protect the plant from subsidence of the soil and you will not have clematis with an open root system..
Clematis is a flower for lovers of flowering vines hedge
In addition, dormant buds begin to develop, forming shoots, which, once rooted, will give a new plant. By separating it from the mother bush, you will get another copy of the variety you like..
Being perennial plants, clematis do not like frequent transplants, especially varieties with a tap root system, which get sick for a long time when moved. Therefore, when planting in the garden, you need to take into account that your trees around will grow over time and can shade the flowers..
Clematis hangs down like a floral carpet
For the normal development of plants, they need to be properly watered – once a week, abundantly moisten the soil around the bush, trying not to direct a stream of water to the root system so as not to expose it.
Having a large mass of plant material, clematis consume a significant amount of nutrients. Their replenishment with the help of dressings has a beneficial effect on the abundance of flowering and the appearance of plants. The introduction of organic matter in the form of seasonal mulching allows not only feeding them, but also covering the buds of the root system protruding to the surface.
With clematis and decorative pillars, you can stage a garden
Advice! Fresh manure and sour peat are contraindicated for clematis
Additionally, you can apply mineral fertilizers (superphosphate – about 25 grams) and ash – a half-liter can to the soil during autumn loosening.
This perennial plant will decorate your porch.
How to grow clematis in your country house?
It is quite simple to grow clematis on your own, since they can reproduce by any means – by grafting, cuttings, layering. Therefore, you will not have a problem to breed the variety you like. It is enough to use vegetative propagation methods.
The main accent of the flower vase will be clematis.
Root offspring are ready for transplanting immediately after they are separated from the mother bush. It is important not to bare the roots in the process, preserving a clod of earth as much as possible. If, nevertheless, the roots dry up during transportation, soak them for several hours in water, and only then plant them in the ground..
Clematis care is within the power of every florist, even a beginner
Growing clematis from seeds rarely gives the result that you expect – hereditary traits may not be transmitted, and hybrids do not produce offspring at all.
This breeding method is suitable for Tangut clematis, which does not form root shoots..
To hold vines, you can use such types of supports as arches, fan structures and pyramids.
In general, clematis are very healthy plants that are resistant to many diseases. And adherence to agrotechnical rules will allow you to reliably protect your plants from most diseases..
Beautiful blue clematis frame the yellow wall of the building
Basically, this species suffers from wilting caused by damage to the root system. The cause may be an infection or fungus settling on the roots. To combat them, various drugs are used that inhibit the development of the pathogen..
To make a birdhouse in a flower bed look interesting, you must definitely plant clematis under it.
In addition, the roots can lock up when there is an excess of moisture, or dry out if they were not sufficiently buried during planting and were bare. Freezing is also a fairly common cause of plant death..
Blooming clematis will help revitalize any stone wall
Taking proper care of your plants will give you the opportunity to grow them healthy and not be afraid of their condition..