Frame houses are very popular
One of the most popular and massively discussed topics on construction forums is frame houses: the pros and cons, project features, the experience of the owners, both positive and negative. Reviews from the forums add up to a rather motley picture, in which potential developers are often interested in negative experience based on Soviet-era buildings. When, due to imperfect technology and poor quality materials, an attempt to copy the Finnish experience, to put it mildly, did not quite work out. A modern frame house, if it has something in common with its “Soviet” ancestor, is only the name and principle of construction, in all other respects it is steeper by several heads. Consider the main advantages of frame construction.
Frame house in a modern style
Frame house in rustic style
Luxurious frame-type estate on the shore of the lake
A small country house built by the frame method
Residential square meter in a house built using frame technology is one of the cheapest when compared with other construction methods. If we compare the costs of building walls and roofing (the frame itself without finishing), then in comparison with a frame house:
- log house (log house) – 1.4-1.5 times more expensive
- a house made of foam concrete – 1.7-1.8 times more expensive
- brick house – 3.5-4 times more expensive.
A frame house can be both stylish and inexpensive at the same time.
Frame construction will help you save a considerable amount
“They collected money for a house, lived with their parents, rented, in a word – toiled. And then another crisis, money depreciated, but it’s not for nothing that they say that a crisis is a time of new opportunities. We decided – that’s enough, let’s go and have a look. At first we looked at the frame-panel house, but stopped just at the frame house, slightly corrected the project (they removed the garage, but added a veranda and a carport made of polycarbonate) – it turned out with the money that we had. Parents discouraged, they say, save up more, but it’s good that they did not obey. Six months later, we moved into the house, we have been living for two years, we are happy with everything, warm, cozy, but the main thing is our house, albeit not very large, but at a very good price. And most importantly – no loans! “
Small two-story frame house with a veranda
Modern mineral wool insulation provides excellent thermal insulation, preventing heat from seeping outside. In addition, when compared with a brick house, heating a frame house of a similar area will require at least 1.5 times less fuel. It is important that pipes with a coolant are often laid inside walls, which ensures less heat loss of hot water while it enters the radiators. Low thermal conductivity in summer allows you to block the external high temperature, thanks to which the house is cool, you have to use less air conditioning – and this is additional savings.
Stylish country house with a metal frame
Beautiful frame house with a small pond
Another point – the walls of a frame house do not absorb heat. When the heating is turned off, a brick house cools down very thoroughly per day, while in a frame house the temperature will drop by 2-3 degrees. The reason is that heat does not escape inside the building structures, but remains inside the building..
Diagram of the structure of the wall of a frame house
“We moved to Canada 12 years ago, got into the program for the development of the northern territories – that is, those where it’s not very hot in a coat even in summer)). We arrived, we were accommodated in a frame house, moreover, without central heating, only electric convectors in the rooms. I was terribly upset – I think how we will last through the winter, besides, our children are small. We survived the winter absolutely without any problems, it is warm in the house, outside the window until -30, and we wear T-shirts in the house. “
Due to its thermal insulation properties, the frame house will be warm even in severe frosts
A small, about 5 people, construction team will spend about 3-4 weeks on the construction of a frame house with an area of about 100 m2. This is not counting the foundation, but taking into account the laying of the pile-screw foundation, this period can be increased by another month. After that, you can immediately start finishing work, because the frame house does not shrink, unlike a house made of a bar (it is necessary to withstand a pause from several months to six months) or a rounded log (here shrinkage can last for several years, but it is especially active – in the first year ). The speed of construction is also influenced by the ease of laying engineering systems – for example, it is much easier to drill a wooden wall than a stone one. The ability to lay wiring, pipes and ventilation ducts inside the walls undoubtedly adds to the aesthetics of the room, eliminating the need for their “masking”.
Load-bearing frame of the house
Laying electrical wiring into the walls of a frame house
Another plus is the absence of so-called “wet cycles”, which makes it possible to carry out construction work at any time of the year (although, of course, it is better to carry out them at low humidity) and not depend on the availability of water.
“We started construction with our neighbors practically at the same time – in the spring. Then friends joked about us later, they said that we were just like three little pigs – we were building a frame house, the neighbors on the left – from a bar, and a little further – from a brick. Let’s just say that we finished the initial stage with pouring the foundation almost simultaneously, but it took us two weeks to solidify the foundation, and the strip, under the brick house – almost a month, if not more. We began to erect walls from a bar (neighbors) and put a frame (we) almost at the same time, just count and finish, only we started finishing almost immediately, and the neighbors almost finished work for this year. And when we already had, in fact, ready the house, walls and roof, distant neighbors just started to lay bricks on the walls. Of course, if funds allowed, the house would be completely ready by the fall, but we decided to do the interior decoration ourselves. Fortunately, there were no special problems – walls made of OSB-boards do not need to be leveled, plastering is easy, without problems, the main thing is to seal the joints well. “
Magnificent view of a frame house against the backdrop of a forest and a lake
Frame house in the Art Nouveau style
Cozy frame house with a glass facade
With the help of frame technology, it is possible to implement almost any, even a very complex architectural solution – balconies and bay windows, turrets and risolites, attics and roofs with a very complex (curvilinear) geometry. In addition, due to the selection of external finishes (siding, blockhouse, plastic panels, decorative plasters, lining, etc.), you can get a house with an exquisite facade in any style.
A triangular frame house will emphasize your sense of style
Spectacular high-tech frame house
A frame house can have completely different shapes.
If the technology is observed, the service life of a frame house will be about 50-75 years. At the same time, a properly built frame house can withstand an earthquake of up to 8 points. And the use of special impregnations significantly increases the resistance of the timber
Frame houses are strong and durable
Frame house with stone siding finish
“Honestly, when I told my friends that I had chosen the project of a frame house, I didn’t have to hear anything. And that this is not suitable for our climate, and fire hazard, and flimsy, etc., whether it’s brick or concrete. For centuries. Reliable. We have always built this way. And then a simple thought came to my mind – how could the people who came up with the most reliable cars (the same Japanese and Swedes), mobile phones (Finns), iPads (Americans) not understand construction at all? And this despite the fact that the share of frame houses in Japan is almost 80%, and even if our frosts are not there, these are islands with all the ensuing “joys” – strong winds and earthquakes. And the north of Canada is as “warm” as our Siberia, and the Finns and Swedes are not spoiled by the climate. Enough to live with the ideas of the last century, in the West people know how to count money and will not build in order to live badly. No need to be greedy, buy quality materials, follow the technology, obey the specialists – and everything will be fine. Well, if it doesn’t stand for 100 years, it’s not scary. Would you like to live in a house a hundred years ago now? It is probably better to build a new one than to repair it and, let’s say, bring it to the current standards of comfort. Do not believe me – read the reviews of the owners, if not ours, then Western ones. “
“In fact, we can talk about the service life rather approximately, because this technology has just appeared in our country; how the new materials will behave can only be predicted. But the point is different – the durability of the building largely depends on something else – the reliability of the heating and water supply system, pipes, connectors, seals, etc. Therefore, the period before the overhaul of the house is precisely determined by the service life of the engineering systems, so regardless of the house – brick, concrete or frame, in 30-35 years you will have to change the engineering system. And here in a frame house no problems should arise – just unscrew the screws, remove the wood panel to get to the wire (insulation, pipes, ventilation duct, etc.), replace it, screw the wood panel back on – and you’re done! In a brick house, everything will be much more complicated. “
“Our Canadian home is not so young, but it certainly is 10 years old. I don’t know who it was designed for, but the placement of the sockets did not suit us categorically, we didn’t want to get confused in extension cords either. We settled down, a year later they began to slightly repair the house. Inside, they removed the stove, spread the wiring in the corrugation, as we like, plastered it, wallpaper from above – beauty. “
Small, but at the same time cozy, frame house
The glass frame house looks great
During the construction of a frame house, environmentally friendly wood is used, plus environmentally neutral heaters that do not have a negative impact on nature and human health. The use of wood processing products and wood for the construction of the frame allows you to preserve the properties characteristic of a wooden house – “breathing” walls that are able to diffuse gases, accumulate and release moisture, maintaining a comfortable microclimate inside the house.
One-story frame house with an attic built on a hill
Frame house with flat roof
When discussing frame houses, there are three main negative points:
- fire hazard – it should be noted that in the overwhelming majority of cases, the cause of a fire is human stupidity and carelessness, so the probability of a fire in any house is approximately equal. And special impregnations significantly increase the fire resistance of wooden frame parts
- the fragility of wood – the design feature is that the base of the house – a wooden frame – is inside the walls, practically not in contact with the external environment, as it happens, for example, in log houses where the wood does not rot. If you choose a well-dried wood and add additional impregnation, then the durability of the wooden frame will not cause complaints and doubts.
- the fragility of the walls is a rather controversial argument, especially when you consider that tropical typhoons do not happen here, and it is easier for robbers to break open a door than to break through a wall. Indeed, you are not going to shoot back from the house.?
Facade of a modern frame house
Frame house with natural wood trim
Using metal instead of wood for the supporting frame will increase fire safety, but will make the construction more expensive
In general, the reviews of the tenants indicate that the main possible drawback can be considered unprofessional, poorly trained builders and unjustified savings on materials – these two negative factors can neutralize the entire positive.