Which heating batteries are better: characteristic features of radiators and an overview of the most functional options
Stylish living room interior with a large radiator in the color of the main tone of the room
People do not immediately come to thinking about which heating batteries are best for an apartment. Users come to this process much later when they need urgent repair or complete replacement. However, this in no way diminishes the importance of this issue for those who are only planning to move in a new building or a new country house, in which heating radiators will only be installed..
Black cast iron battery under the window in an eclectic interior
The red battery looks unusual and attracts attention
Aluminum white batteries look neat and don’t spoil the look of the room
Loft style bedroom with black cast iron radiator
A narrow high battery complements the interior of the living room in the Art Nouveau style
From early childhood, many remember the old Soviet batteries. Now many are surprised that they can still be found in some especially old buildings, but this is not surprising. Subject to the rules of operation and timely maintenance, even these old models can serve you a lifetime. The only problem can be their re-installation in a new place, at a price comparable to the purchase of new products..
However, progress froze in place and the old and heavy cast iron models were replaced by lighter products made of other metals. These are relatively cheap aluminum radiators. After some time, they acquired another modification and became bimetallic, i.e. consisting of a pair of metals. The manufacturers had their own reasons for this, which we will learn about later. Steel was used as a supplement to aluminum, and later completely new radiators were created from it..
Spacious bedroom with massive cast iron radiators on the sides of the bed
The cast-iron battery-dryer in the bathroom, painted pink, looks rather unusual
Previously, only collapsible or stackable radiators were available to most people, but now one-piece or non-separable batteries can be found on sale without any problems. All of them differ not only in the raw materials and modularity of the design, but also in a number of technical features that you should be aware of when studying which heating batteries are better for an apartment, and which, on the contrary, are completely unsuitable. For example, panel radiators are more difficult to repair after clogging or breakage..
A small radiator under the window, covered with a beautiful forged grille
Tall cast iron battery in a bright turquoise living room
A small white radiator in an eclectic dining room
Each manufacturer of heating batteries in their country is guided by certain standards. They can differ significantly from each other, which is why radiators that look exactly the same at first glance will have different service life, operating conditions and, accordingly, price.
Aluminum radiators and bimetallic batteries can, as noted above, be performed both in modular form (collapsible) and in panel form (non-collapsible). They can differ in physical parameters – in all three dimensions in space, as well as in some additional ones. Focusing on these criteria, you can choose the best heating batteries for an apartment. The power will also directly depend on these criteria, and as a result, the amount of heat released into the room..
The white aluminum radiator located under the painting is virtually invisible
White bimetallic radiator in a light minimalist interior
The black cast iron battery with a pattern looks expensive and beautiful
The advantage of aluminum is its high thermal conductivity. It is significantly higher than that of many other materials. It has the added benefit of being lightweight, which makes installation easier and reduces shipping and installation costs. But at the same time, not every aluminum battery will be suitable for use in an apartment. Some of them simply cannot withstand the pressure of the central heating system, if it is connected to it, and not to an autonomous system installed exclusively for one apartment. That is why many people choose bimetallic models that allow them to withstand more pressure in the system installed in multi-storey buildings for heat supply..
Unusual bright batteries in a modern interior
Loft style dining room with cast iron radiator
Contrasting black and white bedroom interior with a white radiator under the window
First of all, when buying batteries, it is necessary to take into account the pressure in the heating system. It can differ significantly depending on whether the apartment is located in a two-story, three-story or multi-story building. There are the first buildings bypass systems that create low pressure for which any radiators are suitable, then the latter will require reinforced and bimetallic models that will withstand a pressure of about 12 atmospheres.
To determine which bimetallic heating batteries are best for the apartment in which you live or which you plan to move in, you should carefully study its layout and location. These indicators will help you in the best way to calculate the required number of radiators and their power..
Mediterranean style living room with small white radiators
Battery gold in white living room
Blue cast iron battery in a bright interior
In some sources, you can find data according to which 100 kW of power will be required to heat 10 square meters of one room. This is really true, but only for those apartments that are not corner, are not located on the ground floor, and are not under the roof of the building. If these data are taken into account, then for an apartment on the first floor, 120 kW of power will be required, and for the upper floor even more – all 130 kW.
But it is not enough just to add up all the indicators. It is imperative to take into account in the rooms the number of walls facing the street, and the number of windows, excluding auditory and other very small.
Tip: by an unspoken rule, the number of batteries should be equal to the number of windows.
Stylish black and white bathroom with large white battery dryer
Loft style interior with concrete walls and black cast iron radiator
Children’s room with a white aluminum radiator located under the window
As for the dimensions of the radiators, they cannot be ignored. In addition to the fact that they should fit under the window without any problems, it is important that the technological clearances above and below the batteries are observed. The distance between the radiator and the floor must correspond to 23 cm according to the European standard, in addition, it is important that there is also space between it and the window sill, otherwise the air will not circulate in the room properly, and the battery literally will only heat the window sill and the distance between it and the wall.
It should be noted that all steel radiators are in no way suitable for installation in apartment buildings connected to a central boiler room. This is because they are not designed for the corresponding pressure of the systems. They will literally swell up even when the heating is started, and they will become unusable. Although in houses such as cottages, they will very well fit into an individual heating system.
Both aluminum and bimetallic models can be sectional. The power of the finished product will depend on the number of these sections. But whatever the calculated total power of the radiator, regardless of its type, it will not correspond to the actual performance. They will be somewhat lower, since modern heating boilers do not give the required coolant temperature at the outlet of 90 degrees. Usually it corresponds to only 80 degrees, so the power will always be 15% less in fact..
Beautiful carved wood grate will decorate any battery
Narrow light battery in a romantic pink bedroom
Interesting black battery dryer located in the bathroom
Large light battery located in the corner of the kitchen
If we consider which heating batteries are better for an apartment, their prices also play a significant role. One of the most expensive products among them are radiators made in Italy. Polish and Finnish models are somewhat cheaper, but the most affordable batteries are from Turkey, although there are exceptions to this rule. Chinese models can be disregarded, since their quality usually does not satisfy even basic indicators. They can be damaged not only during operation, but much earlier, even during delivery..
Do not forget that for some radiators, especially those sold disassembled, you need to buy some additional components. They involve additional costs. These include taps, plugs, and brackets that attach the battery to the wall. In this case, it is important to choose the right brackets, since the mounting holes or special hinges for different brands differ significantly.
Additionally, you may need to purchase a thermostat with which the room temperature will be controlled. Its cost also directly depends on its design and manufacturer. The price of a radiator can also be influenced by the presence of a colored coating or additional decoration on the surface of individual sections. They only increase the cost of the product..
Loft-style bathroom with glass wall and white radiator
Modern kitchen with steel-colored cast iron battery
Bright red battery in a modern interior
Country-style bathroom with massive cast iron radiator
If we consider in more detail the selection of batteries, it is worth recalling once again such an indicator as power. The high power of the radiator does not mean its quality, but only about the technical characteristics of the device. The difference is whether you will have identical or dissimilar radiators installed in different rooms. It is only necessary that their power corresponds to the dimensions of the room, and not only fully compensates for the heat losses, but also allows the area to be heated to the desired temperature..
The quality of the batteries you buy is much easier to judge by the fittings and accessories used, such as gaskets. They are used in large quantities if the radiator consists of several sections. On average, one section will have 2 plastic gaskets, which, even during assembly, can burst and leak only during the heating start-up process or some time after it. That is why it is important to pay attention to all the details, even those that at first glance seem insignificant..
The spacious classic-style bathroom is complemented by black cast-iron radiators
Black batteries in the color of the window frame
Art Nouveau living room with large windows and white radiators
In general, for batteries, the quality indicator is an aggregate indicator, and it is impossible to judge it by one single criterion. Omitting the design, we get an unsightly product, and forgetting about the power, we lose the main function, ignoring the fittings, we can unwillingly reduce the service life.
We also note that the quality of the work performed by the radiator can be taken away by all kinds of screens for batteries and screens installed in front of it, which should also be taken into account.
Small white radiator located above the stairs
Stylish white battery in a black bathroom complements the interior
Unusual massive battery with sections arranged in a circle
Read, choosing heating batteries and which ones are best for an apartment, reviews. They are often quite useful, although they are quite rare. A lot of information can be gleaned from them. In them you can find information about the design features of products from specific manufacturers, the method of installation and all the problems that may arise in this case. An additional source of information can be thematic forums and videos on social media pages. Spend a couple of hours studying related materials, and this time will not be wasted.
Pay particular attention to the following aspects:
- Commercially available models;
- The power of the models and their dimensions;
- Complete set of batteries and the cost of its increase;
- Compatibility of radiators with an existing central or individual heating system;
- Delivery and installation costs;
- Features of installation during self-assembly.
Fusion kitchen with white radiator under the window
Spacious modern bedroom with black radiators
The battery, hidden under the grate, is framed under the fireplace
All this will save you from unnecessary questions and will allow you to restore or start heating in an apartment or a separate room in a short time..
Finally, we note that if you cannot understand all the important features, contact the professionals who are engaged in the installation of heating systems. They will help not only to make a choice, but also for an additional fee they will install the structures themselves..